A healthy five-day meal plan for a single person for $65 – National

24Mar

A healthy five-day meal plan for a single person for $65 – National

by BBG Hub

The key to meal planning is simple: always go into the grocery store with a plan.

Shahzadi Devje, a registered dietitian and certified diabetes educator based in Toronto, previously told Global News that when you’re shopping for one, think about shelf life. 

“Only buy the items you enjoy eating,” she said. “Frozen fruits and vegetables are a great budget-friendly option, and you don’t have to worry about eating them before they go bad. With a little bit of planning, you don’t have to eat the same thing every single day.”

READ MORE: A healthy week-long meal plan for a family of 4 under $200

When it comes to produce, choose single fruits and veggies  vs. packaged goods. “Prepackaged fruits and vegetables tend to cost more. Most fruits and vegetables are readily available all year ’round, but seasonal tend to be more affordable.”

When you’re living alone, it is also common to overspend.

“As food prices are projected to rise this year, meal planning becomes even more critical in order to save money,” she said. “Pick one day in the week to scan your fridge, freezer and pantry to create your grocery list.”


Credit: Getty Images

With the help of Desiree Nielsen, a registered dietitian based in Vancouver, we’ve come up with a five-day meal plan for breakfast, lunch, dinner. Also to note: because this is for a single-person household, many of these grocery items can spill over into the next week (think bread, eggs, white rice).

We chose a $65 budget based on research that shows how much Canadians will spend on groceries this year, but also taking into consideration how much it would cost to buy lunch every single day ($50 per week, for example).

Below, we’ve included a grocery list (this was based on prices at a No Frills in Toronto the week of March 19), ideal for all three meals of the day. Note, the final price of this list can change depending on where you live in the country. We have also not included taxes.

This list and meal plan acts as a base for inspiration — you can add or remove other items depending on your diet or budget. It does not include condiments and other kitchen essentials like oil, salt, pepper etc.

Grocery list

Plain Greek yogurt $4
Small white eggs $2
Packaged whole wheat bread $2
1L milk (2%) $3
Bananas $2
Blueberries $3
Smooth peanut butter $3
Quick steel cut oats $3
White rice (long) $2
Almonds (100 grams) $4
Baby spinach $4
Cherry tomatoes $4
Mini tortillas (12 in a bag) $2
Lean ground turkey $7
Firm tofu $2
Chick peas $1
Broccoli (one floret) $4
Bag of carrots $3
One white onion $2
Canned corn $1
Canned black beans $1
Crushed tomatoes $1
Apples (3) $3
Rice cakes $2

Total price $65

Monday

Breakfast: Greek yogurt with blueberries and almonds
Lunch: Black bean tortilla wrap with corn, spinach and white rice
Dinner: Stir-fried tofu with carrots, broccoli, egg and onion over rice

Tuesday

Breakfast: Scrambled eggs with cherry tomatoes and toast
Lunch: Leftover stir-fried tofu with carrots, broccoli, egg and onion over rice
Dinner: Turkey burrito with black beans, onions and corn

READ MORE: Here’s how much more Canadians will likely spend on groceries in 2019 

Wednesday

Breakfast: Steel cut oats with bananas and almonds
Lunch: Rice bowl with leftover turkey, black beans, spinach and corn
Dinner: Frittata with spinach, onions and cherry tomatoes

Thursday

Breakfast: Smoothie with peanut butter, Greek yogurt and banana
Lunch: Wrap with baked tofu, shredded carrots and spinach
Dinner: Savoury chickpea curry with rice and cherry tomatoes

READ MORE: Here’s a $65 grocery list for a week of healthy eating for one

Friday

Breakfast: Steel cut oats with Greek yogurt, blueberries and almonds
Lunch: Egg salad sandwich with sliced apples and rice cakes
Dinner: Turkey sloppy Joe (made with crushed tomatoes) served with carrot sticks and toast

[email protected]

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.




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24Mar

‘Marijuana is the new OxyContin’: Should we be concerned with how docs are learning about pot? – National

by BBG Hub

At the Family Medical Forum in 2017 — the largest family medicine conference in Canada — Dr. Sarah Giles was angry.

The family physician was upset for a few reasons, including that drug reps were lining the pathway to the food area (meaning docs were forced to walk through sales booths to eat), and lunchtime talks sponsored by pharma companies were not clearly labelled as such.

But what really stuck out to Giles was how many cannabis companies had set up shop in the event’s exhibitor hall.

“[Cannabis companies] are coming to these conferences in large numbers,” Giles, who is on the board of Canadian Doctors for Medicare, said. “In 2017, I think there were around 12 different [cannabis] booths, and they were telling the doctors: ‘Oh, use it for this, use it for that,’ but none of it was evidence-based.”

WATCH: Daily use of high-potency cannabis linked to developing psychosis — study





Cannabis companies are becoming an increasing presence in the medical industry, touting the drug as a remedy for a variety of ailments, from pain and anxiety to endometriosis and glaucoma — and they do it with little oversight.

The legalization of recreational marijuana in 2018 no doubt helped legitimize cannabis in the eyes of many patients. But some experts say they’re concerned that pot is being pitched as a miracle cure when there is still little research into its benefits.

The College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC), which hosts the event, confirmed to Global News that there were 16 cannabis vendors at the last Family Medical Forum in November 2018.

READ MORE: ‘It’s a totally different drug’: Why edibles feel different from smoking cannabis

The organization said it will only allow approximately 10 cannabis vendors at the forums in 2019 and 2020 and will “reassess” that number each year.

But Giles is concerned. She isn’t comfortable with the way cannabis companies are trying to sell medical marijuana to doctors.

“Marijuana is the next OxyContin, where everyone’s like, ‘Oh, it’s not addictive, it’s harmless, it’s good,’ and people are kind of using it willy-nilly because you can get it prescribed and not prescribed,” she said.

“I think we will look back at this time and just be like, ‘What the hell was going on?’”

Is medical cannabis effective?

Many cannabis companies have been quick to tout the drug as a pain reliever and a therapeutic product — which has created some pushback.

WATCH: Cannabis for beginners — What does it feel like to be high? What if I get too high?





“If we look at the evidence for marijuana as a therapy or as a medicine, for pain or for anything, frankly, it wouldn’t meet the threshold for what we consider a body of evidence in medicine,” said Dr. Abhimanyu Sud, a pain expert and the academic director of the Safe Opioid Prescribing program at the University of Toronto’s School of Medicine.

Sud points to a recent systematic review of medical marijuana that found the drug wasn’t a very effective treatment for pain (the review says that if cannabinoids do improve pain, it is neuropathic pain and the benefit is likely small). He also says it’s not proven to be effective for anxiety, either. Where there is some evidence for cannabis, he said, is around treating certain kinds of seizure disorders.

But beyond that, there are a lot of legitimate concerns that require further research about using cannabis.

READ MORE: Patrick Cain: Watch out, Ontario — I passed the course to sell you weed. Here’s what I learned

“There’s reason to think that marijuana intervention can make [certain] things worse,” Sud said. “It’s not like a sugar pill; it has the potential for harm.”

Giles echoes this and says she’s seen first-hand the harm cannabis can have on certain people.

“I see a lot of people who smoke a lot of pot and end up with marijuana-induced psychosis,” she said.

A recent study published in the medical journal The Lancet found that daily use of high-potency cannabis is “strongly linked to the risk of developing psychosis.”

Health Canada also warns that cannabis use increases the risk of developing mental illnesses such as psychosis or schizophrenia, especially for people who start young, use it frequently or who have a family history of mental illness.

WATCH: Is legal pot putting a dent in alcohol sales?





Dr. Lydia Hatcher, an associate clinical professor of family medicine at McMaster University, sits on advisory boards for cannabis companies Canopy Growth and Tilray and says there’s “moderate” research around medical cannabis for pain.

“The National Academy of Science and Medicine, which is a big United States organization, did a very thorough review and found moderate evidence that it helps with chronic pain,” she said.

Even with limited research, the common belief that cannabis is safe and helps treat many health problems stems from the way medical marijuana became legalized and is now marketed, Sud said.

READ MORE: Canada a global destination for weed tourism? Not anytime soon

“There was a judicial decision in 2000 that said that it’s unjust to restrict access to marijuana for medical purposes so the federal government was compelled to produce an access-to-marijuana act — but this was not an evidence-based decision; this was a judicial decision,” he said.

“Now we have recreational legislation, and we are working against this idea that marijuana is relatively safe. If it wasn’t medicine, why would it be legalized?”

Should docs be getting their cannabis knowledge from pot companies?

Marketing efforts by cannabis companies paired with legislation has pushed pot to the forefront of many patients’ minds.

WATCH: One-third of pregnant women think cannabis is OK to use during pregnancy, review says





Still, many doctors have expressed discomfort around prescribing cannabis to patients, citing a lack of evidence that it’s an effective treatment for things like pain, sleep disorders and anxiety. There are also concerns around dosing.

But that’s where licensed producers come in.

Jordan Sinclair, the VP of communications at Canopy Growth, said the cannabis company operates “continuing medical education” events that educate “physicians about cannabis science.”

There’s a knowledge gap, he says, as many doctors aren’t educated on the drug.

READ MORE: Parents, vaping near children is just as dangerous as smoking: study

“Physicians don’t understand this medicine because it’s not included in medical schools,” Sinclair said.

“Patients have a constitutional right to access [cannabis] information, but doctors don’t understand the science because it was never taught so industry is in this odd position where, until medical schools have this in their curriculum, we are, in most instances, one of the primary sources of information.”

These learning workshops or panels are common in the pharmaceutical industry, and drug companies often pay doctors a speaker’s fee or honorarium to present at such events. Sinclair says Canopy Growth, which owns brands including Tweed, Spectrum Cannabis and Tokyo Smoke, gives doctors who present at their cannabis educational sessions an honorarium, too.

WATCH: Cannabis IQ — 3 pros and cons of smoking cannabis from a bong





While doctors are free to make their own decisions, Sud says paid presentations or informational talks with industry can lead to bias and conflict of interest. Research shows that pharma reps present only selected, usually positive, information about their drugs to doctors and may omit potential risks.

Sud says there’s reason to be concerned that cannabis companies may follow the same route.

“[Conflict of interest] is a big concern, and there’s research around [how] doctors can underplay how much they are influenced by industry so we don’t recognize as much bias that’s actually out there,” he said.

READ MORE: Woman with cancer awarded $29M in Johnson and Johnson talcum powder suit

Part of leading cannabis education also means producers are investing in their own research.

Canopy Growth recently announced a partnership with the NHL to research if CBD can help treat post-concussion neurological diseases in former hockey players. Tilray has started studying how older adults use cannabis. Aurora Cannabis launched a research project with McGill University to study the effects of CBD “as a therapy for chronic pain and related anxiety and depression.”

There’s a dark history, however, of industries like sugar and tobacco publishing misleading studies or suppressing research that went against their own interests. Sud also points to research that shows industry-sponsored studies are often biased in favour of the sponsor’s products.

WATCH: More pregnant women using cannabis despite warnings it may be bad for baby





And within the medical industry, there’s no greater recent example of lying about the effectiveness of a drug than Purdue Pharma, the manufacturers of OxyContin. Evidence shows that the drug company intentionally misled doctors and patients on the drug’s effectiveness and lied about its addictive nature.

Sinclair acknowledges that a cannabis company researching and educating on the benefits of cannabis may present as a conflict of interest but insists that as long as there’s disclosure and a third-party literature review process, there’s no need for concern.

He also points to the process of hiring Dr. Mark Ware, who was an associate professor of family medicine and anesthesia at McGill University, as Canopy Growth’s in-house chief medical officer. Sinclair said Ware had to step down from certain academic positions so there was a clear distinction between his role at Canopy Growth and outside work.

“You watch a talking head pundit on TV, and all [they] have to do on the outset is say: ‘Hey, just in the interest of disclosure, I work for this company so people should know that,’” he said.

READ MORE: Uncorked: ‘Mommy’ drinking culture normalizing alcoholism for women

“And if you do that, you’re relying on the audiences’ intellect, and when your audience is doctors, you can be very confident that it’s going to be taken into consideration.”

How are cannabis companies pitching pot?

Outside of educational events and exhibiting at medical conferences, doctors say some cannabis companies are acting unethically when it comes to interacting with health-care professionals.

While health care is provincially legislated, the CFPC — the professional association that certifies doctors in the country — has nationwide policies when it comes to how docs should interact with the drug industry.

These policies say that doctors cannot accept gifts from pharma reps and should disclose if they’re receiving an honorarium or speaker’s fee from a drug company when presenting related material at a conference. In other words, the goal is to be transparent around any potential conflicts of interest.

WATCH: Proposed draft regulations for pot-infused drinks





Research shows that gifts from the pharmaceutical industry — even things as small as pens — can affect a doctor’s prescribing habits. A recent study published in JAMA Network Open found “a strong association” between aggressive marketing of opioids to doctors in the U.S. and increases in prescribing the drug.

The CFPC says that health-care professionals should adhere to the same code of conduct when it comes to interacting with cannabis companies, but Giles says licensed producers do not play by those rules.

“It used to be that doctors would get concert tickets, they’d get trips skiing, all of this stuff. Then the rules changed to say that basically the only thing doctors can get is food, but the marijuana producers haven’t signed onto that,” said Giles.

“Recently, I was invited to a talk about the benefits of marijuana that was being hosted in a box of an [Ottawa] Sens game. And I was like, ‘Are you kidding me?’ My mind was blown… It actually makes Big Pharma look like the good guys for having some restraint, whereas marijuana is just going crazy.”

READ MORE: Blood-pressure drugs containing Losartan recalled due to potential carcinogen contamination

Hatcher said she’s heard of cases where cannabis companies act unethically and offer incentives to doctors to prescribe their product.

“There are physicians — and I have no proof positive of this but I hear this through talk and from patients — who are sending all their patients to company ‘X,’ and I have heard there are companies who are paying physicians to do that, which is absolutely non-ethical and shouldn’t be allowed,” she said.

“I know there are also physicians who are seeing patients through Skype and non-recognized methods of telehealth and prescribing that way, which is also not ethical.”

On a smaller scale, Hatcher says pot producers hand out branded merchandise, like pens and notepads.

“They are [also] producing documents and brochures that often have the company name — a lot of which has been disallowed for the pharmaceutical industry,” Hatcher added.

WATCH: No amount of alcohol is safe to drink — study





Canopy Growth and Aurora Cannabis both said they hand out branded pens and the like but do not give doctors gifts. Despite multiple requests, representatives from Aphria and Tilray did not respond to requests for comment.

Sinclair says that because of the unique space cannabis operates in, it’s up to licensed producers to develop their own approach to industry interaction.

“There are guidelines out there for pharmaceutical sales, and we use those to inform our own approach,” he said. “We’re always in this area where the normal rules don’t apply so we have to chart our own course.”

Differences between Big Pharma and cannabis

Unlike with prescription drugs, it’s up to patients to decide what licensed producer they want to buy from with their medical script.

READ MORE: Canada’s national pharmacare should include a national drug agency and formulary: report

Hatcher says she doesn’t tell her patients where to get their medical cannabis and says it’s up to them to do their own brand research.

“It’s complicated research because, at least at the present time, there are at least 30-plus companies doing direct-to-consumer selling… and then once the patient has selected their licensed producer, we just do the prescription,” she said.

“That means as long as the physician is using that approach then the bias really is the patient’s bias.”

Giles says there’s a reason cannabis companies are putting themselves in front of doctors, even if it’s up to a patient to decide where they will buy their medical marijuana.

“All of these doctors think they’re immune to having their prescription habits influenced, yet every study shows we are all susceptible to it.”

—With a file from Patrick Cain

[email protected]

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.




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23Mar

Don’t pay kids to do chores — common money mistakes parents make – National

by BBG Hub

For Annie Boucher and her husband, a weekly allowance is a great way to teach their children financial literacy while also incentivizing help around the house.

“Instead of us just buying things, we said, ‘you can earn money to buy these things that you want,’” the Ottawa mom of two told Global News.

Boucher doesn’t hand out a $5 bill for every dish washed. Instead, if they’ve been “a good member of the family,” each child — aged 11 and 14 — receives $5 at the end of the week.

READ MORE: From lemonade stands to RESPs: How to teach your children financial literacy

“They have to vacuum every Saturday morning. They get zilch until that’s done. But then, if you’ve shown a general willingness to do chores and you haven’t put up a fight every time I’ve asked you to do something [this week], then we’re on good terms,” said Boucher.

Financial literacy is of the utmost importance to Boucher and her husband. “Everything [our children] spend any money on gets a full cost-benefit analysis,” she said.

Parenting expert Alyson Schafer approves.

In her view, a weekly or monthly budget teaches kids how to: save, distinguish between needs and wants, make responsible purchasing choices and become more independent.

“Part of raising children is preparing them with life skills and financial literacy is an important skill,” Schafer said.

How much money should you give? And how often?

According to Schafer, the dollar amount should correspond to what the child is expected to pay for.

“Start small, and add budget items over time. Examples might be bus fare, pizza lunch money, book purchases.”

Receiving this money once per week allows the child to manage small sums of money over a short period of time. “As they get older and their skills improve, you could move it to once a month,” Schafer told Global News.  

READ MORE: The cost of raising a child? Now there’s a calculator for that

For Ann Douglas, another parenting expert, the amount and the frequency will depend on the family.

“Parents will want to take into account what the child is expected to do with the allowance — whether the allowance is for discretionary spending or whether the child is expected to cover clothing and other essentials,” said Douglas. 

It’s OK to compare notes with other parents, but don’t feel obligated to match what other parents are paying. “Take into account what other families are doing, but then decide what is going to work for you,” Douglas said. 

WATCH BELOW: 5 ways to save money at the grocery store





Boucher and her husband decided to give their kids $5 per week because they find it’s enough of an incentive to help around the house, without being exorbitant.

“I have a bit of a problem with paying household members to do things that household members should do anyway,” said Boucher.

“It’s kind of a nominal fee to say ‘thanks for contributing.’”

Allowances should not be connected to household chores

Parents might be inclined to attach a dollar amount to common chores, but this isn’t the best course of action, according to Schafer.

“[The] family is a social system, not a free market economy. You need to make your bed and help out with dishes because you are a member of a community.”

However, if your child wants to save up for a larger purchase and is looking for other ways to make money, Schafer recommends that parents offer “paying jobs” outside of regular responsibilities.

Douglas agrees. “I’m not a big fan of paying children to do chores unless we’re talking about a child pitching in on a really big job that goes above and beyond what might normally be expected of a child of a particular age,” she said.

“You want kids to grow up understanding that being part of a family means pitching in to help one another,” said Douglas.

“If you do decide to pay your kids for doing the dishes, you run the risk that your child is going to decide that the money you’re offering simply isn’t worth it, in which case they might decide to opt out of that particular chore — a situation that can be pretty frustrating for you as a parent.”

Working together is key

Discussing a purchase before it’s made is crucial to learning about finances.

“Since allowance should be tied to a budget, parents [should] oversee the spending to help assure the child is spending the money accordingly and make corrections and suggestions if they are mismanaging their spending,” said Schafer.

The child may need to change their spending habits, or parents may come to find the child needs a bigger allowance. “It’s an iterative process. Expect to teach and tweak over time,” Schafer said.

READ MORE: They saved over $1,000 for football tickets. Then their 2-year-old used the shredder

Boucher’s kids don’t receive physical money. Instead, their earnings are tallied.

If and when they want to make a purchase, they must pitch that purchase to their parents.

“We positioned it [so that] if you want something, let’s discuss what you want. How important is it to you?” Boucher said. “[Since] we’re holding the money, we can have that discussion for every purchasing decision.”

‘Expect a few stumbles along the way’

Mistakes are learning opportunities, said Schafer.

“If they spend all their money, and you bail them out with more funds to cover the shortfall, they will only learn that you’ll rescue them from mistakes. Instead, let them experience the consequences of going without.”

In Schafer’s opinion, it’s better for children to learn those lessons when they’re young with small mistakes than when they leave home for college or university and the stakes are higher.

WATCH BELOW: How much do parents spend on extra-curricular activities?





Douglas echoed this sentiment.

“Giving children an allowance gives them a chance to figure out how money works. They also get the opportunity to practice making mistakes in a relatively low-stakes way,” said Douglas.

“This doesn’t happen overnight, and you should expect a few stumbles along the way.

Some other ways to teach your children about financial literacy

The easiest way to teach your children about money is through conversation.

The first step is tackling the difference between wants and needs.

“You may want a [designer] purse, but what you really need is simply a purse to carry your possessions,” said Schafer.

It’s also important to understand value.

“You may pay more for a Barbie than the no-name brand at the dollar store that falls apart in the first week,” Scahfer said. “You may also discover there is no difference between some brand and no-name brand cereal, so why pay more?”

READ MORE: How you divide household chores can determine how happy you are in your relationship

Knowing how to navigate the secondhand economy is another valuable life skill.

“If they really want that [designer] purse, [show them how] they may find it gently used online,” said Schafer.

Finally, explore digital banking tools together.

“Likely all children raised today will be using online banking, and [there are] tools provided for tracking [your spending].”

“Kids learn experientially. It’s not enough to simply talk about money, they need to work with it.”

WATCH BELOW: What does the federal budget mean for you?





Boucher said her 14-year-old daughter has a solid understanding of money, and she credits that in part to her weekly allowance.

“I can see the purchasing decisions that my daughter makes. She really does say ‘OK I’ll save for this,’” said Boucher. “She sees that it’s all tied to something. It’s not just free money she gets for living.”

To Boucher and her husband, it’s crucial that their kids realize “that you only spend what you have, and if you don’t have it, you don’t spend.”

“Nothing makes me prouder than seeing my daughter run to the sales rack.”

[email protected]

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.




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22Mar

You can still get a job you’re not qualified for. Here’s how – National

by BBG Hub

When Lindsay Angus finished a post-graduate program at college, she began her job hunt.

The 25-year-old Toronto resident was fresh off a co-op when she applied for a full-time operations manager position — a job she wasn’t qualified for.

“It called for three to five years experience in operations and project management,” Angus told Global News. “I had about six months at the time.”

WATCH BELOW: The best-paying jobs you can get without a university degree





Still, Angus’ resume got the company’s attention. She was called in for a group-style interview with people who had “way more” experience than she did.

Angus says she made it through several rounds of interviews, and eventually the job was down to her and one other candidate.

“In the end, they went with the other candidate,” she said. “He had slightly more experience in operations while I only had the project management background. They said it was an extremely difficult decision, and they had no feedback for my interviewing skills.”

READ MORE: Stop telling young people to find jobs they love — it hardly happens

Even though she didn’t get the job, the experience was a good lesson in applying for roles that are seemingly out of reach. Angus now works as a project coordinator for a furniture manufacturing company — another position that asked for more years of experience than she had.

“I was able to secure the job because I could speak to my experience and it aligned with their needs,” she said. “I think companies now are looking for employees that fit the culture of the team and would work well inside it.”

The importance of applying for jobs outside of your qualifications

According to B.C.-based career coach Irene Giesbrecht, Angus has the right idea.

WATCH BELOW: How to solve brainteasers when applying for a tech job





“Generally speaking, yes, you should always apply for something that you are not 100 per cent qualified for if that’s the job you want,” Giesbrecht told Global News.

“If you’re an employer, you want someone who can do the job, but you’re not looking for an exact [qualifications] match… you’re looking for someone who you can see growth potential in.”

Giesbrecht says that employers also want to hire someone who has genuine interest in their company and sector. This means that a passionate person with five years experience may get a job over a more senior candidate with less zeal.

READ MORE: Want a raise? Here’s how to ask your boss for more money

Angus believes this comes down to making it clear to an employer what you can bring to the table.

“It is amazing what skills from school will transfer over to jobs, [and] it is just a matter of identifying those and communicating them well in a cover letter and interview,” she said.

Aligning with company culture is also important. Giesbrecht says she advises clients to put themselves in the mindset of the employer to try to understand what qualities they’re looking for. If you think you’d be a natural fit, convey that.

Another tip? If you don’t end up landing a job but made it to the final round of interviews, Giesbrecht suggests calling the workplace back about four to six weeks later.

WATCH BELOW: How to make a side gig work for you — and keep the money you make doing it





“About 10 to 15 per cent of the time, the person who was number one on the list, for some strange reason, doesn’t work out” she said. “It saves the company enormous legwork to take a look at number two, seeing that number two just called and is still interested.”

When not to apply for a job

While Giesbrecht encourages people to be ambitious and go after the jobs they want, it’s also important to be realistic. If you just graduated university, for example, you’re probably not going to get a job that requires at least 10 years of experience.

Giesbrecht says a good rule of thumb is to have around 75 per cent of the experience listed on a posting.

READ MORE: Hot Jobs: Career strategies for a new era in the Canadian workplace

“So if an employer is asking for five years experience, and at the beginning of your career you’ve got three, then you should be applying,” she explained.

“That changes at different stages of your career, but if you’re in the first decade of your career, that’s a good formula to use.”

The career counsellor also says that you need to be honest with yourself about the jobs you’re applying for. “It’s about knowing who you are, and knowing whether or not you can do the job to begin with,” she said.

This means looking at your experience and transferable skills, and seeing if they’ll set you up for success at this job. “If you have nothing [relevant], applying is wasting your time.”

WATCH BELOW: 3 things you should be trying to land your dream job





Learning from the job hunt process

Angus believes that applying for jobs outside of her experience level has been a good learning opportunity. She said she now encourages her friends to adopt this mentality, too.

“There are a lot of people out there who may not have the perfect qualifications, but they can speak to their experience,” she said. “Sometimes it is amazing what you have dealt with in six months at a job that will prepare you for tasks ahead that you didn’t necessarily need ‘three to five years’ to learn.”

“My dad wrote in my [graduation] card, ‘Never discount your accomplishments over the last four years,’ and I carry that with me every day.”

[email protected]

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.




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22Mar

Unlike Emilia Clarke, it’s highly uncommon to recover from a brain aneurysm – National

by BBG Hub

Emilia Clarke was in the locker room of her gym, preparing for a workout, when she felt “a bad headache coming on.”

In a new essay published March 21, Clarke says she was suddenly extremely tired, but she forced herself through the first few exercises.

It wasn’t until she got into plank position that it felt as though her brain were being squeezed by an elastic band.

READ MORE: How to tell if it’s a headache, migraine or brain aneurysm — and what to do next

“Somehow, almost crawling, I made it to the locker room. I reached the toilet, sank to my knees, and proceeded to be violently, voluminously ill,” writes the Thrones star. “At some level, I knew what was happening: my brain was damaged.”

Clarke was right. She had suffered a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), which she defines as “a life-threatening type of stroke, caused by bleeding into the space surrounding the brain.”

According to the the Brain Aneurysm Foundation, an estimated six million people (or 1 in 50 people) in the United States have an unruptured brain aneurysm.

WATCH BELOW: Against the odds: Brain aneurysm survival





During Clarke’s SAH, there would have been bleeding in the subarachnoid space (the space inside the covering of the brain but outside of the brain itself), according to Dr. Brian Drake.

He works as a neurosurgeon at the Ottawa Hospital.

“That’s bleeding over the surface of the brain,” said Drake. “That’s where the blood vessels, which supply the brain with blood, [live.]”

READ MORE: How to treat and prevent migraines naturally

What is a brain aneurysm?

Basically, an aneurysm is a weak spot or an “out-pouching” in the blood vessel wall of an artery of the brain, akin to a blister or balloon.

“They can leak and they can rupture,” Drake told Global News. “When they rupture, they cause bleeding into the brain and over the surface of the brain, which can cause stroke and further brain injury.”

According to Drake, one-third of people who have an aneurysm rupture don’t survive. Of the remaining two-thirds who do survive, nearly half of them are left with some type of permanent disability.

WATCH BELOW: How learning new things as an adult can change brain chemistry





What are the symptoms?

Usually, aneurysms don’t have any symptoms until they rupture.

“The risk is dependent on the exact location within the brain and the size of the aneurysm,” Drake said. “Certain locations are more dangerous than others, and as they get bigger, they get more dangerous.”

Sometimes they can push on some of the nerves in your brain, which would cause pain, but Drake says this is rare. The most common way people discover an aneurysm is when a scan is needed for something else.

“[Patients often] have a headache or something else and [aneurysms are] found incidentally.”

READ MORE: MRI scans suggest transgender people’s brains resemble their identified gender: study

What causes a brain aneurysm?

Unfortunately, little is known about what causes aneurysms.

“The only really known risk factors are smoking and [high] blood pressure,” said Drake.

They can also run in families (though they are more commonly sporadic, or not hereditary).

“For screening, the recommendation is anybody who has two first-degree family members with a known aneurysm [should be screened],” Drake said. Aneurysms are more common in people in their fifties and sixties.

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What happens when one ruptures?

“When they do rupture, the consequences are high,” said Drake.

The most common symptoms, which occur immediately after an aneurysm ruptures, are sudden onset severe headache and stroke-like symptoms. “These include numbness or weakness in the arms and legs, difficulty with language — either understanding language or speaking — and trouble with cognitive ability.”

Clarke remembers struggling with language, a complication known as aphasia.

READ MORE: Washington woman, 19, sings her way through brain surgery in Seattle

“…A nurse woke me and, as part of a series of cognitive exercises, she said, ‘What’s your name?’ My full name is Emilia Isobel Euphemia Rose Clarke. But now I couldn’t remember it. Instead, nonsense words tumbled out of my mouth and I went into a blind panic,” writes Clarke.

According to Drake, Clarke is very lucky to have made a full recovery.

“For somebody to have an aneurysm rupture and survive and be free from disability, she’s already on the very good end of the spectrum,” said Drake.

How do you treat a brain aneurysm?

When someone has an unruptured aneurysm, the chances of it rupturing are low. However, if the aneurysm has already ruptured once, the chances of it re-rupturing are high.

“That risk is highest within the first 24 to 48 hours [after the first rupture], and then it decreases,” said Drake. “So the first treatment is to secure the aneurysm, and the only goal from that is not to make them any better from the rupture but to prevent it from re-rupturing.”

Patients who survive a ruptured aneurysm are usually in hospital for two weeks, which is the amount of time necessary to ensure a vasospasm doesn’t occur. According to Cedars-Sinai, this is a narrowing of the arteries caused by a persistent contraction of the blood vessels. which can reduce blood flow.

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According to Drake, after a person has bleeding in the subarachnoid space, the body naturally breaks down that blood and reabsorbs it — similar to any other bleeding or bruising.

“The products of that process are irritating to the outside of the blood vessel walls, and it can cause… a vasospasm. For people who develop [one], they require further treatment,” said Drake.

A vasospasm can cause more stroke-like symptoms and result in more brain damage.

[email protected]

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.




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21Mar

SCAD heart attacks are rare, but target young, healthy women – National

by BBG Hub

A rare type of heart attack has been labelled “mysterious” and “devastating” — and it targets young, healthy women.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) heart attacks happen when there’s a tear in one of the layers of the artery wall.

Dr. Sheryyn Rambihar, staff cardiologist at Mackenzie Health and spokesperson for Canada’s Heart and Stroke Foundation, told Global News that while it’s rare, health officials are identifying SCAD more and more.

“It’s not that it has jumped out of nowhere, we’ve always known it’s been present,” she explained. These days, she said, when a patient has a heart attack, they tend to go a catheterization laboratory (or cath lab) to examine their arteries with a dye test, which can determine the type of heart attack the patient has.

READ MORE: Heart disease in women is under-diagnosed, under-treated and under-researched

“That wasn’t as accessible and available in the past,” she said. “Now we know a number of women were presenting with [SCAD] in the old days where cath wasn’t readily available and they would’ve been dismissed.”

Chest pain, she added, was often dismissed as “normal,” so one of the reasons SCAD is more identifiable now is that technology is able catch it.

“It was always there, we were just never able to see it.”

Symptoms of SCAD, like a heart attack, include chest pain, shortness of breath, sweating or nausea.

Gaps in SCAD research

A recent report in Medscape added the tear in the artery ultimately blocks blood flow to the heart, causing a heart attack. Rambihar added the tear can be about four centimetres, keeping in mind a coronary artery can be 13 centimetres.

But SCAD is still considered rare. “Although SCAD causes a small percentage of heart attacks overall, it’s responsible for 40 per cent of heart attacks in women under the age of 50. And it mostly happens to women. More than 90 per cent of SCAD patients are female,” Medscape noted.

In 2017, researchers in Alberta added there were at least 350 cases of SCAD in Canada per year and 70 per cent of victims are women.

“This is an important cause of heart attacks among younger people, and it has really only been in the past five or so years that our thinking on it has changed. For the past 100 years, we had been missing it,” Dr. Sharonne N. Hayes, a leading SCAD researcher at the Mayo Clinic, told Medscape.

READ MORE: Why doctors are warning young women about heart attacks related to stress, pregnancy

“SCAD is happening to a group of women who appear healthy, are thin, and have no risk factors. So even though they have classic heart attack symptoms, they are often being misdiagnosed,”

Rambihar said the biggest problem with these cases is the lack of data, but there are some experts out there doing the research.

The Canadian SCAD study has been following women since 2014, and hopes to wrap up its findings in 2020. The study will look at the “natural history of the condition, predisposing medical conditions (that can result in a heart attack), treatment strategies and long-term cardiovascular outcomes,” authors noted.

Rambihar added one of the biggest reasons there is more awareness around SCAD is because women are rallying together online. From Facebook groups to support networks to even sharing their stories with publications and research centres, more women are understanding what SCAD is.

Why it happens

Rambihar said research previously suggested women and men had the same hearts, but that new data now exists to suggest this isn’t the case. A typical heart attack involves clogged arteries or patients with risk factors like diabetes, high cholesterol or high blood pressure. But for SCAD heart attacks, it’s a little harder to figure out the exact cause.

“There are conditions that do cause or predispose people to have problems with their coronary arteries [like] connective tissue problems or things like lupus,” she explained. The most common thing in SCAD is fibromuscular dysplasia, a condition that causes abnormal growth in the arteries — most people wouldn’t even know they have it,” she added.

WATCH: Women more likely to survive heart attack with female doctor: study





She also alludes to emotional stress, physical activity, childbirth, coughing or even cocaine use as some of the factors that can cause SCAD.

“The first-ever description of this condition was in 1931 where a woman vomited and vomited and basically ruptured her coronary artery. She was 42.”

What can people do?

The best thing people can do is to be their own advocates, she added, because SCAD does target healthy people. If you feel chest pain or any other symptoms, check in with your doctor and speak up about SCAD.

“If [you] don’t feel quite right, don’t let anybody send you home from the emergency room without arranging definitive tests.”

READ MORE: ‘It is a nasty disease’: Like Luke Perry, young people also suffer from strokes

On the doctor side of things, she added, healthcare professionals need to also be more aware of SCAD and its literature.

[email protected]

— With files from Su-Ling Goh

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.




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21Mar

Danish politician told baby ‘not welcome’ in Parliament — should kids be allowed at work? – National

by BBG Hub

Do babies have a place in Parliament? According to a ruling in Denmark this week, the answer is no.

Danish politician Mette Abildgaard was told her five-month-old daughter was “not welcome” in Parliament by speaker Pia Kjaersgaard. Abildgaard, 30, wrote in a post on Facebook that she had not brought her daughter to work before, but a vote required her to be in the chamber early.

Her husband was not able to look after their daughter, she wrote, so she decided to bring the child with her.

Abildgaard said her baby had been in a good mood and “had a pacifier in her mouth” while she was in the chamber. The new mom also said she advised her secretary to take the child out of the room if she started making noise.

Still, 72-year-old Kjaersgaard asked for the baby to be removed, and later defended her move on Twitter, writing that it’s “not good” to bring infants into the chamber.

The event caused a heated debate over whether or not parents should be allowed to care for their kids at work, and if preventing mothers from bringing their babies to the workplace is setting back women’s rights.

Should babies be allowed in the workplace?

“I think children should be welcome as long as the work can continue the way it should be continuing,” Kathy Lynn, a parenting expert and author, told Global News.

“We shouldn’t be putting parents — particularly mothers — in a situation where they end up not taking a job or running for office simply because they have a child.”

READ MORE: Should the rich kids involved in the U.S. college scam be punished?

Lynn says being suddenly called for a work-related duty, as in the case of politician Abildgaard, often means not having enough time to find childcare. Workplaces should be understanding of this, she says.

“Thinking that you can always organize your life so that you have childcare on no notice, is ridiculous. It doesn’t happen,” Lynn said.

There are also instances when a mother needs to be with her child, like when they’re breastfeeding, Lynn says. In June, Canadian Democratic Institutions Minister Karina Gould openly breastfed her son in the House of Commons on camera.

“We know that that relationship between mom and baby is very, very important when they’re newborns, and quite often what happens, particularly for politicians, [moms] can’t afford to take the whole year off, but they really do need to be close to their baby,” Lynn said.

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Lynn says as long as arrangements are made for the child to be moved out of a shared space if they are crying or making a fuss, there’s no reason why a baby shouldn’t be allowed in a workplace — even Parliament.

Plus, Lynn says it’s important for workplaces to remember that when someone has a child, they’re going to need accommodations from time to time, regardless of whether or not the child is on the job with them.

“We can’t think that you just have a baby and the next day, you don’t think about that job [of parenting],” she said. “The reality is there has to be a situation where the child can be accommodated.”

When kids should not be allowed in the workplace

Lynn says if a child is being disruptive and preventing others from doing their work, it’s not a good idea for them to stay in the office. When kids are old enough to be mobile, that’s when they should be in daycare, Lynn says.

READ MORE: ‘Snowplow parenting’ is preventing young adults from learning ‘basic life skills’

Plus, not all workplaces allow employees to bring their kids to work, and many jobs are not safe environments for children, either. Jobs in the service industry, for example, are not baby-friendly, nor are retail or factory jobs.

This means that many parents have to rely on childcare — which is often incredibly expensive.

Affordable childcare is a problem

In Canada, affordable childcare is an issue many families face.

A recent report by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives think tank found that daycare costs were the highest in Toronto and the surrounding area, where fees for children under 18 months average $1,685, and $1,150 a month for older preschoolers.

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Cities in Quebec had the lowest fees for full-time, regulated spaces across the country, followed by Winnipeg and Charlottetown — in the three provinces that have had fixed fees for years.

Lynn says workplaces should work towards being more child-friendly, and understand that not being able to take care of your kid causes stress.

“If you can’t bring [babies] with you and have to leave them somewhere you don’t feel comfortable with, you’re going to be distracted,” Lynn said.

With files from the Canadian Press

[email protected]

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.




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21Mar

First postpartum depression drug for women approved in U.S. – National

by BBG Hub


The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the first drug specifically developed for severe depression after childbirth.

The agency on Tuesday approved Sage Therapeutics’ Zulresso, an IV drug given over two-and-a-half days.

Sage said Zulresso will cost US$34,000 without insurance, plus costs for staying in a hospital or infusion centre. Whether the treatment gets covered by insurance is determined by each insurance company, which also sets the out-of-pocket costs, depending on the plan.

In a company-funded study of new mothers with moderate or severe postpartum depression, half the women given Zulresso had depression end within two-and-a-half days, about double the rate of those in a comparison group given dummy treatments.

READ MORE: Postpartum depression symptoms worse during the holidays

Postpartum depression affects about 400,000 American women a year. It often ends on its own within a couple of weeks, but it can continue for months or even years. It can be treated with antidepressants, which can take six to eight weeks to work and don’t help everyone, or with counselling.

“Postpartum depression is a serious condition that, when severe, can be life-threatening,” Dr. Tiffany Farchione of FDA’s Division of Psychiatry Products said in a statement. “Women may experience thoughts about harming themselves or harming their child.”

Zulresso’s active ingredient, brexanolone, mimics a derivative of the naturally occurring hormone progesterone, levels of which can plunge after childbirth. The infusion helps restore normal levels and emotions, according to Sage chief executive Dr. Jeff Jonas.

READ MORE: How hired postpartum help is becoming more commonplace for moms

The drug’s most common side effects were sleepiness, dizziness and headaches. A few women had more serious problems, such as fainting and loss of consciousness.

Because those risks could result in injury, the FDA said it is restricting Zulresso’s use to certified health-care facilities where patients can be closely monitored throughout the infusion.

READ MORE: Mom shares gripping photo of what postpartum depression looks like

Zulresso appears safe for breastfeeding, said Dr. Kimberly Yonkers, a psychiatrist specializing in postpartum depression who heads Yale Medical School’s Center for Wellbeing of Women and Mothers.

She expects the drug will be used to treat serious cases and patients not helped by antidepressants.

“It’s going to depend on patient willingness to go into an infusion centre and insurers being willing to pay for this,” Yonkers added.

Sage plans to begin selling the drug in late June.

It’s developing a second, similar treatment in pill form, and Marinus Pharmaceuticals is testing both a pill and IV therapy.




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20Mar

‘Snowplow parenting’ is preventing young adults from learning ‘basic life skills’ – National

by BBG Hub


Snowplow parenting is exactly what it sounds like: acting as the rescue option for your child’s every need, even when they’re adults.

And while setting up children for success is one thing, one recent poll by the New York Times and Morning Consult found a majority of parents in the U.S. were “robbing” their kids of adulthood.

The poll, which looked at data from 1,508 young adults and 1,136 parents of children that age, found a majority of parents were still doing doing mundane tasks for their adult children, USA Today reported.

READ MORE: Should we f***king swear around our kids? Parenting experts weigh in

The poll found 76 per cent of parents reminded their adult children of deadlines at school, 74 per cent made appointments for them (including doctor’s appointments) and 15 per cent of parents texted or called their children to wake them up every morning.

And it didn’t stop there. The poll also found 11 per cent of parents called their children’s place of work if there was an issue and 16 per cent wrote a part of all of their children’s job or internship applications.

Parenting expert Maureen Dennis told Global News this style of parenting is preventing young people from learning basic life skills.

“They haven’t been given the chance to make decisions, to learn from both the good and the poor ones,” she said. “Allowing kids to make decisions when they are young allows them to learn from those age-appropriate decisions, especially the poor decisions.”

Parenting coach Julie Romanowski agreed, adding this type of parenting enables the child any time they struggle with something.

“It runs a very high risk of the child being incapable of coping in the world as an adult,” she explained. “This can lead to all kinds of problems, from mental health issues to financial difficulties, relationship problems, time management, keeping a household and even overall hygiene.”

The poll followed recent news of the U.S. college scam, where Desperate Housewives actress Felicity Huffman and Full House‘s Lori Loughlin were indicated for allegedly paying bribes to get their children into top colleges like Yale and Harvard.

Going into adulthood

Attending college or university is often the first stepping stone of adulthood, and when parents start doing tasks for their children, children don’t have the opportunity to be independent, experts said.

“The trouble is that these parents haven’t had any expectations of their children and have been solving their children’s problems their whole lives, so they have not given their kids the chance to fail or to exceed expectations,” Dennis said.

“These kids have no idea of what they themselves are capable of. They are not driving the direction of their own life. They have just been along for the ride.”

READ MORE: Mom lets children skip school to take a ‘mental-health day’ — is this good parenting?

She added as parents, you can’t just hand over the wheel — you have to teach children how to drive first. “These parents have literally chauffeured their kids through life and don’t know how or want to teach their kids to drive their own life.”

Romanowski said it is only appropriate to check-in with adult children if they struggling or isn’t doing well in school. There are ways to support them without rescuing them.

Giving children space to be independent

Romanowski argued teaching children to be independent starts before sending them off to post-secondary education — life skills start as early as age five.

“It [creates] opportunities for socializing and learning new information in the school-age years.. .these skills are all being developed in young children,” she continued.

“Waiting until teen years or early adulthood is when we see a problems arise… it is much more difficult to teach and manage.”

And along the way, parents have the responsibility to hold their children accountable.

“The only way we can help adult children is to layout our expectations for them and to hold them accountable for them. They need to experience the highs and lows of their own decisions and actions to learn life skills,” Dennis said.

Teaching children how to be independent

Romanowski said children learn best by instruction, repetition and role modelling.

Here are her steps on how children learn responsibility:

1. A child needs to feel self-secure first in their surroundings and then in themselves.
2. A child has to know what the expectations and boundaries are for the task/life skill/routine.
3. A child can then predict what the expectations are for that task/life skill/routine to be executed.
4. A child can then feel more independent around the task or routine.
5. A child can then start to take responsibility for that task/life skill/routine

READ MORE: COMMENTARY: Here’s to more ‘free-range parenting’ in 2019

“Learning responsibility lies in the areas of a child knowing their place in the world, understanding how they can contribute in a meaningful way, being properly guided at times of difficulty and most of all, being connected to a parent/caregiver who shows acceptance during good times and bad.”

[email protected]

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.




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20Mar

‘Dirty Dozen’: Do these fruits and veggies really have harmful amounts of pesticide? – National

by BBG Hub

A new report says pesticide residue is on most of your favourite fruits and vegetables — even after they’re washed — but health experts say there’s nothing to be worried about.

According to the Environmental Working Group’s 2019 “Dirty Dozen” list — a report that tests pesticide residue levels on produce — strawberries have the highest levels of pesticides, followed by spinach and kale.

WATCH BELOW: Yes, avocados need to be washed before consuming





“We were surprised that more than 92 per cent of kale samples had two or more pesticide residues detected, and some samples contained as many as 18 different residues,” Dr. Olga Naidenko, EWG’s senior science advisor for children’s environmental health, told Global News.

The report, released on Wednesday, used data from the United States Department of Agriculture to analyze which fruits and veggies are the most and least contaminated. This is the first time kale has appeared on the “dirty” list since 2009 as it hasn’t been included in USDA’s produce tests in recent years.

Naidenko said the produce samples were tested for pesticides after they were cleaned.

READ MORE: Rates of colon cancer have doubled among young people, and doctors still don’t know why

“This means the produce has been thoroughly washed and, when applicable, peeled,” Naidenko said. “After these preparations, pesticide residues are still detected on many of the fruits and veggies.”

Other fruit that was listed as having higher levels of pesticide residue include nectarines, apples, grapes and peaches, ranked fourth to seventh, respectively. (Full list here.)

Food that EWG ranked on their “Clean 15” list of lower-residue foods include avocados, sweet corn, pineapples, frozen sweet peas, onions and papayas.

Are pesticides really that harmful for you?

Despite the report, Erin MacGregor, a Toronto-based registered dietitian and co-founder of How to Eat, says that Canadians should not be worried about pesticide residue on their foods.

WATCH BELOW: Does Canada’s new food guide reflect the needs of all Canadians?





“A list like the Dirty Dozen makes it seems like we have something to be concerned about, when we don’t necessarily have anything to be concerned about at all,” MacGregor said to Global News.

“We actually have a very stringent regulatory system in Canada, which states there’s a very conservative amount of pesticide residue allowed to be on fruit and vegetables that Canadians buy in the grocery store.”

MacGregor says this means produce has to pass government safety standards, which determine how potentially harmful a pesticide may be. “[Regulators] look at what level of residue would cause harm — if we were to ingest it — and then they set a residue limit that falls far, far below that,” she explained.

READ MORE: Parents, vaping near children is just as dangerous as smoking: study

Pierre Petelle, the president and CEO of CropLife Canada, says that pesticides are a necessary part of farming. He says fruits — especially smaller ones like strawberries — are susceptible to a number of insect infestations and diseases that makes them unusable.

“If you rely on [only] nature to grow crops, you would consistently waste endless amounts of food,” he told Global News.

“We compete with lots of different organisms and insects for the same crops, and so farmers need to protect them. It’s a simple as that. [Farmers] try to make sure they only use [pesticides] when and where they need them, but they’re no doubt an essential part of fruit and vegetable production.”

Is organic better for you?

One of the recommendations made by EWG is that consumers buy organic versions of produce found on their Dirty Dozen list whenever possible.

WATCH BELOW: Affordability is one of several factors stopping some Canadians in following latest Food Guide





“When organic versions are unavailable or not affordable, EWG advises consumers to continue eating fresh produce, even if conventionally grown,” they said in the report’s press release.

While some people prefer eating organic fruits and veg, MacGregor says they’re not always free of pesticide.

“Pesticides are allowed to be used in organically grown produce as well; they simply cannot be synthetic [pesticides], they have to be naturally-derived,” she said.

Washing your food

What consumers should do if they’re concerned with pesticide residue is thoroughly wash produce under cool tap water, MacGregor says.

READ MORE: Infection during pregnancy increases your baby’s risk of autism, but not by much: study

Washing is also an important step in preventing food poisoning as bacteria can live on the skin of fruits and vegetables.

In December, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published a report that found more than 17 per cent of avocados had listeria monocytogenes on the skin. Even though you would never eat an avocado’s skin, the FDA noted this foodborne pathogen can be transferred by a knife.

Other produce, like lettuce and tomatoes, should always be washed, too. Even skinned fruits like melons and bananas should be cleaned before eating.

“Melons, in particular, are an extreme example because their flesh is the best growth medium for salmonella,” Keith Warriner, a professor of food science at the University of Guelph, previously told Global News.

WATCH BELOW: UBC study says fruit and veggie consumption is down





Bottom line

It’s important for Canadians to eat fruit and vegetables daily as part of a balanced diet. Produce offers nutritional benefits, including a variety of vitamins and minerals, that are vital to a healthy lifestyle.

Petelle says reports like the Dirty Dozen can scare Canadians into thinking that fruits and vegetables are potentially harmful — which may cause folks to avoid them.

“If this report from the Environmental Working Group has the effect of stoking fear in people around certain eating fruit and vegetables, it’s having a very dire consequence,” he said.

“Reports from scientists are saying we need to eat more fruits and vegetables — not less — and worrying about minute traces of pesticide is not where we should be focusing our attention.”

With a file from Arti Patel and Marilissa Racco

[email protected]

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.




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