Reality check: Can you reverse diabetes by changing your diet? – National

by BBG Hub

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects approximately three million Canadians, according to Statistics Canada.

There are two main kinds of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. If left untreated, the illness can lead to blindness, kidney failure, heart problems, neuropathic pain and amputations.

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The causes of diabetes have long been debated. Type 1 is typically considered to be hereditary, while Type 2 has been associated with obesity and inactivity.

Historically, both types have been considered inevitably degenerative — but that may no longer be the case.

Some doctors believe Type 2 — which affects 90 per cent of people living with diabetes, according to Diabetes Canada — can be reversed by a dramatic change in diet and activity levels.

WATCH BELOW: The rising cost of insulin in the U.S.

A 2017 study published in the BMJ found that patients who lost a significant amount of weight (about 33 pounds) were able to send diabetes into remission. Researchers define this as “no longer having diabetes, at least for a period.”

A similar 2019 study conducted at the University of British Columbia found that reducing or eliminating a specific protein in the fat cells of mice not only prevents the onset of Type 2 diabetes, but also appears to reverse the disease as well.

That protein, dubbed CD248, was found to be higher in the fat cells of people with diabetes regardless of their shape and size, but would decrease to normal levels when people with obesity-associated diabetes reversed the disease through weight loss.

A new way to treat Type 2 diabetes

“When we talk about diabetes remission or reversal, we’re almost exclusively talking about Type 2 diabetes,” Dr. Jason Fung, a nephrologist at Scarborough Health Network. He calls Type 2 diabetes a “dietary disease.”

“If you think about Type 2 diabetes, the entire disease is essentially too much sugar in the body,” said Fung.

“Sugar is both glucose, which comes from refined carbohydrates, and fructose. Your body is trying to shove all this glucose into the cell, [but if] you have too much of it, some of this glucose basically spills out into the blood.”

READ MORE: Could Type 2 diabetes be reversed by reducing a protein in fat cells? UBC researchers think so

Fung believes doctors have made a “big mistake” in trying to treat Type 2 diabetes with drugs instead of prescribing a low-carbohydrate diet. He compares a human body to a car to draw an analogy.

“Think of glucose or sugar as fuel — the fuel your body uses as energy, just like you use gas in your car,” said Fung.

Imagine pumping gas into your car so frequently that the gas tank overflows into the backseat of your car and makes you sick.

“Now you know what the problem is. Are you going to keep pumping gas into your car? No,” he explained.

WATCH BELOW: Teen with diabetes dies after prescribed oils instead of insulin — the herbalist is going to prison

Jeffrey Johnson, a pharmacist and professor at the University of Alberta, agrees.

Lifestyle changes such as “dietary changes and [increased] physical activity” have been shown to prevent — and even reverse — Type 2 diabetes.

“A healthier diet and physical activity, like getting 150 minutes of moderate exercise every week… was enough to prevent people at risk of developing diabetes from being diagnosed,” said Johnson.

READ MORE: Diabetes, obesity behind 800,000 cancers around the world, study finds

Johnson offered his father as an example.

“He was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. He was treated with medication, and with time, he changed his lifestyle,” he continued.

“He lost weight, changed his diet and [added] physical activity. He got his blood sugar under control and he was able to stop medication.”

However, Johnson warns that Type 2 diabetes is not always reversible.

“Some people get Type 2 diabetes just as they get older. They might not be overweight or obese,” he said. “For some people, it might not be reversible but for a large portion of the population, it is.”

Diet vs. losing weight?

While weight loss can be a consequence of a low-carbohydrate diet, Fung emphasizes that it doesn’t need to be the end goal.

“Both are important […] but not all types of body fat are equal,” he said. “We’ve focused mostly on getting people better, whether they’re overweight or not.

“There are a lot of people who have Type 2 diabetes who wouldn’t be classified as overweight.”

WATCH BELOW: Getting more than 10 hours of sleep a day? You may be at risk for premature death: study

In Fung’s practice, he focuses more on getting people “metabolically healthy” as opposed to setting weight loss goals.

Increasing daily activity can help, but changing your diet will have the most impact.

“Burning an extra 150 calories by exercising is minuscule — it’s like five per cent of the 2,000 calories you eat in one day,” he said.

“If you have an exam and 95 per cent is English and five per cent of the exam is math, you don’t study each [for 50 per cent] of the time.”

Finding the diet that’s right for you

“There are a lot of different dietary recommendations that can help people lose weight,” he said.

If you are interested in trying to treat Type 2 diabetes with a new diet, he suggests consulting a dietitian first.

“The most important things are starting to track and notice what you’re eating… It could even just be reduced portion sizes,” he said. “Simple decisions like that.”

— With files from Sean Boynton


[email protected]

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Ottawa woman creates Facebook group to connect new moms online and in person – Ottawa

by BBG Hub

An Ottawa mom who started a social media group to connect with other new parents after having her first child now has a growing group of new friends.

Brianna Chapman says she decided to found the Facebook group Dope Moms of Ottawa to combat the isolation she felt even before her baby was born.

“When I found out I was pregnant, it kind of really started to hit home for me that I was gonna be alone on maternity leave,” Chapman said.

Becoming a new parent can bring about feelings of loneliness, she explains, as your daily routines suddenly revolve around feedings, naps and diaper changes rather than business meetings or social gatherings.

Whether you’re the first of your friends to have a child or a veteran parent, Chapman says some moms find it tough to make time for friends when there is a little one to care for.

How maternity leave can hurt a woman’s career — ‘So much can change’

With their partners away for the majority of the day in some cases, it can be tough for parents to find someone with whom to share ideas or concerns, Chapman says.

While there are dozens of Ottawa groups for new parents to join when looking for advice, Chapman says she noticed there were very few that actually looked to get people out of the house to meet up.

“It was more of a forum for Q&A, specific training questions, developmental questions, that kind of thing,” Chapman says. “But there wasn’t really anyone that was spearheading women to actually get out and meet in person.”

WATCH (Aug. 1, 2017): New app aiming to create social network for moms

While there is little research about new parents and isolation, a recent survey of 2,000 moms by the website found that more than 90 per cent of moms in the U.K. admitted to feeling lonely, with 54 per cent of them feeling “friendless.”

When it comes to moms and their mental health, Ottawa Public Health (OPH) says a social media group might just be the thing that helps.

“Some of these social media platforms can be used to tap into the wisdom of others with similar experiences — a type of crowdsourcing of knowledge,” said Nikki Hudson, program and project management officer at OPH.

“Social support is a key coping strategy during difficult transitions. Talking about problems or worries in a safe and moderated environment may help parents and caretakers feel better and someone may be able to assist — knowingly or unknowingly — by sharing experiences and offering suggestions.”

Chapman says one of the other aspects of these groups, especially online forums, is the tendency for members to get “cliquey.” Chapman says she has a zero-tolerance policy for judgmental moms and strives to make the group inclusive.

‘You don’t look like a mom’ — Why women are expected to deny their sexuality in motherhood

She also believes the main goal of getting these moms to meet in person really takes away the disconnect people tend to have on the internet, which can lead some to make comments they wouldn’t necessarily make in person.

“I think that’s really understood when you join,” said Chapman about her policy. “You can read through the posts and see that it’s just a super encouraging and really supportive environment.”

While meeting in person is the point of Chapman’s group, Hudson says that even if some moms aren’t comfortable with the public meetups, the online forums are still helpful, especially if some moms have difficulty accessing other forms of support.

“People with similar experiences can better relate, offer more authentic empathy and validation,” said Hudson.

“Sometimes, this support isn’t always easily accessible or for some. It may be difficult to share in person, hence social media is a nice alternative and fairly accessible channel for most parents and caregivers to stay informed, engaged and connected with their peers and health professionals.”

The group will celebrate its three-month anniversary on Oct. 6 and has grown to more than 1,100 members — way more than the initial 50 who came to the first meetup.

“I literally started it because I just wanted to make a couple of friends that were close to me that I could go for coffee with,” Chapman says.

“It never occurred to me that it would get so popular.”

Chapman encourages any moms who may feel shy about meeting with a group of people to come out anyway. She says she strives to make the group a safe place for moms to come with their babies, meet other moms, share some advice or even spend some time venting about their partners.

Why most ‘dad shaming’ comes from mom

“I’ve been in that situation where it’s really hard to get out and meet new people,” said Chapman.

“And if a mom’s not comfortable coming in because she feels like she’s not going to talk to anyone, I will personally go up and talk her. The sense of community really matriculates from the group in these meetups.”

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Thousands of women say they have breast implant illness. What is it? – National

by BBG Hub

Every time Johnna Bryson sits up after lying down, she experiences sharp pain in her chest.

She says it feels like an “elephant is sitting on her chest,” and it happens whenever she reclines for longer than 10 minutes.

The 26-year-old had breast augmentation for medical reasons when she was 17, and, at first, the implants helped boost her confidence. But in the last year three years, things have changed and Bryson now believes her implants are linked to her health issues.

READ MORE: How safe are breast implants? Women warn of risks, share their symptoms

On top of severe chest pain, Bryson says she has decreased cognitive function and brain fog. She’s also experienced swelling on her left breast, fatigue and sudden weight loss and says she is constantly sick with viruses.

When Bryson brought her symptoms to the surgeon who performed her augmentation in April, he laughed off her concerns: he refused to believe her ailments had anything to do with her implants, she said.

Since then, the nursing student has been going to appointments with specialists, looking for answers. She recently visited a new surgeon who has been taking her pain more seriously.

WATCH: Hundreds of women join class-action lawsuit against breast implants

Bryson battles moments where she questions if these symptoms are tied to her implants — being a single mom and student can be exhausting — but the pain she’s in isn’t getting any better.

In fact, it’s getting worse.

“As it becomes more and more unbearable, I am doing everything I can to just have my voice heard,” she said.

What is breast implant illness?

Bryson is not alone in suspecting her sudden health issues may be linked to her breast implants.

“Breast implant illness” is not an official medical term, but a term used — often by patients — to describe a constellation of symptoms believed to be caused by breast implants.

READ MORE: Allergan recalls Biocell textured breast implants worldwide

Symptoms include fatigue, joint pain, cognitive impairment, hair loss, headaches, chills, body odour, anxiety, brain fog, sleep disturbance, depression, neurological issues and hormonal issues, according to the American Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.

“It’s a labyrinthine issue that I don’t think we have the science to prove or disprove currently,” said Dr. Nick Carr, a Vancouver-based plastic surgeon at Skin Works, pointing to research on the topic published by the U.S. National Center for Health Research.

“In my experience in dealing with women who have symptoms… that they attribute to their breast implants, there is no question they are suffering from a variety of complaints,” Carr said.

WATCH BELOW: Winnipeg woman wants others to be warned about breast implants

But there are currently no scientific tests that are able to prove or disprove the connection between these subjective symptoms and breast implants, Carr said. This makes it difficult for patients as well as surgeons to understand what’s going on.

“Furthermore, these types of subjective symptoms are very common, and many — if not the majority of people — experience them at some time in their lives,” he added.

Complaints of being ignored

Judith Coates is an Orillia, Ont.-based woman who runs a breast implant illness advocacy group. A breast cancer survivor, Coates had a textured silicone implant added after undergoing a mastectomy on her right breast.

READ MORE: Health Canada suspends Biocell breast implants due to increased cancer risk

Coates felt fine for the first six months after her surgery, but then started to experience what she describes as a host of symptoms, including chest pain, joint pain, blurry vision and difficulty breathing.

She also kept dropping things and says she lost feeling in her hands.

Coates says her surgeon ignored her concerns and maintained that her symptoms were not related to her implant. Unconvinced, she began researching breast implants online and discovered information about her type of implant, including health warnings describing the same symptoms she was experiencing.

WATCH: Autoimmune specialist calls for warnings on breast implants

Around this time, Coates also discovered Facebook groups of women just like her who complained they became sick after getting breast implants.

“It was like the light went on for me,” Coates said.

Coates had her implant removed by a different surgeon in 2018. Her second surgeon was recommended by other women in a breast implant illness Facebook group.

The National Center for Health Research reported that by 2018, there were “more than 50,000 women reporting a range of symptoms they refer to as ‘breast implant illness’ on two Facebook pages: Breast Implant Illness and Healing and Breast Implant Victim Advocacy.”

READ MORE: ‘They should be better warned’ — Canadian doctor on breast implant risks

Coates has since petitioned the Canadian government to look at the harm breast implants are causing to “thousands of Canadian women.” The petition, which was presented in April, asks Health Canada to investigate the links between implants and a rare form of cancer, as well as autoimmune diseases.

Power of social media

Coates’ experience has also made her a vocal member of a breast implant illness Facebook group. She says members often have been told their symptoms are “in their head,” or had their implant concerns belittled by doctors.

“I can’t tell you the number of women that join our group every week that say, ‘I just joined this group and I’m in tears because I’m reading all these posts and it exactly mirrored my situation.’”

WATCH: Bowmanville woman claims her breast implants made her ill

“It’s almost humbling to think that there are so many women that are looking for answers, but they finally found us.”

This sense of validation is also why social media has become a powerful tool around breast implant illness awareness.

A 2017 study on breast implant illness groups on Facebook found that members “often express frustration with plastic surgeons when there is a perceived dismissal of symptoms.”

One of the study’s authors, Dr. Ahmed Afifi, an associate professor of plastic surgery at the University of Wisconsin, said social media offers these women a form of support.

READ MORE: ‘I was on death’s doorstep’ — Winnipeg woman says breast implants ruined her health, her life

Afifi says that despite what is known and unknown about breast implant illness, the medical community should treat all patients with respect and listen to their concerns. He wants patients to feel they are being heard.

“The medical community is examining this closely and… is taking this seriously,” he said of breast implant illness.

“We have no explanation at this moment of how the breast implants can cause any of the issues… However, we are listening to the patients and trying to find a connection. So far we can’t find any connection.”

What do experts say?

The conversation around breast implant illness is complicated, says Dr. Mitchell Brown, a Toronto-based plastic surgeon and associate professor of surgery at the University of Toronto.

WATCH BELOW: Textured breast implants may put your health at risk

Brown, who has run a clinical practice for over 20 years, says the “vast majority” of women who have breast implants experience few adverse effects and are “healthy and happy.”

Still, this doesn’t mean women are making breast implant illness-related symptoms up.

“I have certainly seen some women — a small minority — but some women over the course of my career who have had a significant constellation of symptoms that are unusual, difficult to diagnose and that they relate to starting sometime after having had a breast augmentation,” Brown said.

READ MORE: Alberta woman believes breast implants made her sick

“I think many people in the medical community feel that although it’s rare, there probably are a small subset of patients whose immune systems react to the insertion of the foreign material in a way that’s not particularly typical for most patients, and therefore they may become ill or unwell from their implants.”

There have been, however, recognized health risks associated with certain breast implants.

In July, Allergan recalled its Biocell textured breast implants and tissue expanders across worldwide markets, citing concerns over a rare form of cancer, after the U.S. health agency asked the drugmaker to pull the products.

The Food and Drug Administration found the use of these breast implants was tied to increased risk of a rare type of cancer known as breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL).

WATCH: Women’s health advocate Dr. Jen Gunter talks about her book ‘Vagina Bible’

Coates applauded the recall and sees it as a step in the right direction.

“It’s really very encouraging to see that surgeons are looking for answers and that there’s hope on the horizon,” she said. “Maybe they’ll start looking into doing some clinical tests to check for breast implant illness.”

Removing breast implants

For Coates, removing her implants significantly improved her symptoms. She is happy with her decision and says she feels better than she did with the implants. 

Removing implants poses risk, Brown says, because unless you are confident your symptoms are a result of your implants, you may go through an unnecessary procedure.

Because symptoms like discomfort and fatigue are also associated with thousands of other health issues, Brown says, it can be difficult to attribute them solely to breast implants.

READ MORE: The Pill was legalized 50 years ago, but experts say we can still improve contraceptive access

If it is believed that implants are causing symptoms, however, removing them would ideally improve a patient’s condition, Brown said.

Bryson is unsure if she will have her implants removed, but with every health issue, she is more and more inclined to take them out. She is growing increasingly frustrated with her situation and just wants to feel better.

“There are so many mixed emotions for me surrounding breast implants, and these feelings go much deeper than what is seen on the surface,” she said.

“They have the potential to change someone’s life in ways you can’t understand until after you’ve gotten them. They’ve changed my life, that’s for sure, for better or for worse… I’m still trying to figure that one out.”

— With a file from Reuters and Leslie Young 

[email protected]

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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‘It feels like failure’: Why Canadian workplaces should offer stress leave – National

by BBG Hub

Winnipeg resident Merissa King has generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and a few years ago, it became so severe she had to take a leave of absence from work.

At the time, she was working in marketing and communications for an insurance company in Toronto.

“I was struggling with a terrible cold for weeks that I couldn’t shake, [and] being sick meant I was less able to manage my anxiety, which led to not being able to manage my stress,” King told Global News.

“This all happened during a very stressful period at work, with a heavy workload and high pressure situations.

“One day at work, I just hit a wall. I thought, ‘I can’t do this anymore.’”

READ MORE: WHO classifies burnout as ‘occupational phenomenon’ related solely to work

Her stress levels affected her productivity and the quality of her work, which led to more stress. It quickly became a vicious cycle she couldn’t control.

“I had taken a couple of sick days over the prior weeks, but that just led to putting in extra time to catch up on work,” she said.

“My stress levels were severe. I couldn’t focus or concentrate, and I was mentally and physically exhausted. I cried a lot.”

That day, King had a panic attack and immediately left work to see a doctor. During a consultation with the doctor, she made the decision to take a leave from work.

WATCH BELOW: Research: Natural disasters lead to PTSD in kids

“I didn’t give my employer much choice. I had to make an immediate decision to take care of myself, so I provided my doctor’s note and indicated the period of time I would be away from work,” she said. “It was an incredibly difficult decision.

“Everyone on my team was under the same stressful conditions as me, so I felt extremely guilty and selfish for taking leave.”

Unfortunately, King’s experience is very common.

READ MORE: ‘Burnout’ is a thing, doctors say. Here are the symptoms

2018 Gallup poll found that nearly a quarter of Americans reported feeling burned out at work either “very often” or “always.”

“Burned-out employees are 63 per cent more likely to take a sick day and 2.6 times as likely to be actively seeking a different job,” the poll stated.

“Even scarier, burned-out employees are 23 per cent more likely to visit the emergency room.”

In fact, severe workplace stress has become so widespread that earlier this year, the WHO classified burnout as an official medical diagnosis.

The condition is defined as: feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion, increased mental distance from one’s job or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one’s job and reduced professional efficacy.

Dr. Shimi Kang, a Vancouver-based psychiatrist and frequent speaker on the subject of workplace and mental health, hopes the classification will help destigmatize the condition.

WATCH BELOW: Becoming a dad can take a toll on men’s mental health

“The more that we can live a human life… We actually see better bottom lines at the workplace,” she previously told Global News.

“We see better workplace culture, less absenteeism, less presenteeism. So I hope the workplace does take this seriously.”

Stress happens when there is an “imbalance between the demands placed on you and the resources that you have [to meet those demands],” said Vishwanath Baba.

READ MORE: Advocates call for national youth suicide strategy: ‘Our children will continue to die’

A professor of human resources and management at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont., Baba said stress becomes even worse when the consequences for not meeting demand are serious.

“It has physical consequences, psychological consequences, behavioural consequences and so on,” Baba said.

“Unresolved stress eventually leads to [things like] burnout, depression” and, sometimes, more severe mental illness.

Does your employer offer stress leave?

Unfortunately, stress leave is not mandated by federal legislation in Canada. What employees are entitled to by way of leave will vary across workplaces.

“There’s two different ways to look at what kind of leave employers might provide, either contractually or voluntarily, to employees, and there is a great variety of different arrangements,” said Kevin Banks. He’s the director of the Centre for Law in the Contemporary Workplace and an associate professor of law at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ont.

As a minimum, federal legislation requires that workplaces offer leave for family-related issues or sickness, “and it’s under those terms that people will take leave in order to deal with stress,” Banks said.

READ MORE: ‘Depression meals’: How diets connect to mental health

“It’s usually not called ‘stress leave’… because it’s kind of [considered to be] a cause, and then if it manifests itself in sickness or if you need to take some time to deal with family issues, you can apply that as justification.”

However, Banks fears this language could prevent employees from disclosing their stress to employers until it’s already too severe.

“I think most of us probably try to tough it out when we’re feeling stressed,” he said.

“I think, intuitively, we don’t necessarily equate being stressed with being sick, and so maybe people wait until they feel like they’re really burning out before they feel entitled to ask for sick leave.”

WATCH BELOW: Techniques to deal with work stress, according to clinical psychologists

This is furthered by the reality that most sick leaves require a doctor’s note, and most doctors won’t provide a note until stress is manifesting itself in physical symptoms.

If you need to talk to someone about high levels of stress and your options, ask your employer if they offer an Employee Assistance Program (EAP), said Banks.

READ MORE: Canada has a discrimination problem when it comes to hiring — here’s why

King’s employer offered her access to an EAP, and she found it extremely effective.

“I was able to, for free, talk to counsellors and get the support I needed,” she said.

“I even took part in an online group therapy session on excessive worrying and anxiety, which I found incredibly helpful. It made me understand that I wasn’t alone, and I took away very practical coping tools.”

It’s in an employer’s interest to combat employee stress

Stress may seem harmless at first, but left untreated, it can lead to worse performance and physical illness over time.

“First, you feel emotionally exhausted… in order to get back [to normal], you start putting a distance between you and the people you deal with [at work]… When you do this again and again, you start questioning your own capabilities.” said Baba.

“Emotional exhaustion leads to depersonalization, resulting in a diminished sense of personal accomplishment.”

WATCH BELOW: Prioritizing mental health as students head back to school

In King’s experience, the nature of her stress made it extremely difficult to articulate what she was experiencing to her employer.

“Looking back, I wish I’d done things differently,” she said. “It’s tremendously difficult to admit that you’re stressed.

“It feels like failure. My inner critic kept telling me to push myself to the limits.”

Now, King is at a new company and she feels more confident in her ability to recognize when she needs help. However, she believes more can be done to support employees.

“We lack the tools for people who aren’t experiencing it to support others in the workplace,” she said.

“Generally speaking, it’s awkward, uncomfortable and frustrating for everyone involved, so I think we have a ways to go before organizations know how to sufficiently cope with stress in the workplace.”

WATCH BELOW: Back to school: UBC president’s personal mental health struggle

Stress could be considered a legitimate reason for needing a temporary withdrawal from work, but without the language to communicate that, employees can be left in a lurch.

“If it’s not to the point where you could get a medical note… and you’ve already used up the [days] that you might have been given to deal with family related or personal issues, there’s not a lot you can make the employer do unless there’s something in your contract that gives you the right to something like stress leave,” said Banks.

“If it’s a unionized workplace, you could ask your local representative to take the issue up with the employer… but 70 per cent of Canadian workers aren’t in unionized workplaces.”

READ MORE: ‘A plop is quite different than a tinkling’: Why are we afraid to poop at work?

Baba believes a good employer should understand the cost of stress and take several different measures to protect their employees against it — even if they don’t openly discuss their stress in the workplace.

“Ask yourself the question: why are some people experiencing this stress? Why are people experiencing an imbalance? How am I the cause of this imbalance?” he said.

Employers need to study the expectations they set for their employees, and then analyze the resources they provide to them to meet those expectations. The hope is to stop the stress before it affects people’s physical health, as it did with King.

READ MORE: 28 per cent of men believe they could lose their job if they discuss mental health at work: study

“You can prevent stress by looking at the job itself,” said Baba. “I often tell people to redesign the work and the job in a stress-sensitive fashion.”

Another way to deal with workplace stress is to give your employees the opportunity to build resiliency.

“Does this person have good habits? Are they eating well, sleeping well?” explained Baba. “You need both preventative and reactive measures.”

WATCH BELOW: The pros and cons of standing desks in the workplace

Finally, Baba believes a “good” employer will allow employees to take “temporary withdrawals” from work.

This can mean anything from a single sick day to a mental health day or a long-term absence due to stress.

“At the end of the day, it’s in the interests of the employer to create an employment climate that is sensitive to the stress that one experiences at work,” he said.

“Stress is here to stay… The question is: how will the organization deal with it?”

— With files from Rebecca Joseph


[email protected]

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Can these dry shampoos fix oily, greasy hair? We tested them out – National

by BBG Hub

Dry shampoo can be a life-saver between hair washes.

Kat Marcus, partner and stylist at Palm Sunday salon in Toronto, says dry shampoo works by encapsulating sweat and oil, drawing it away from the hair and scalp.

“This product cosmetically refreshes the hair, making it look and smell clean,” Marcus explained.

READ MORE: The best mascaras on the market, from drug store to luxury brands

She says before you buy dry shampoo, there are three things to consider: the environmental impact of the product, its quality and what’s in the bottle.

“I would recommend looking for a starch-based dry shampoo,” she said. “Salon-grade products are concentrated, so you don’t need to use as much as you would with something from the drug store. It can actually save you money in the long run to invest upfront in a good hair product.”

And remember, dry shampoo is not a replacement for actual shampoo and conditioner.

“The scalp and strands need to be properly cleansed in order to maintain healthy skin and hair,” Marcus added.

With an overwhelming number of products on the market, reporters at Global News tried out some of the best-selling dry shampoos in three categories: $10 and under, $20 and under and $20-plus.

Here’s what we thought.

$10 and under

Credit: Laura Whelan

Name: Tresemme Between Washes Volumizing Dry Shampoo
Price: $6
Available at: Walmart and a variety of retailers
Product specialty: Promises to restore oily, flat hair quickly and easily between washes.
First thoughts: The smell of this dry shampoo brought me back to my competitive dancing days because it has a similar scent to hairspray. It definitely gave me volume, but it also left a slightly sticky residue behind, so I had to use my blow dryer to work it through to my ends. 
End of the day test: My hair didn’t look oily, which was a plus, but it was definitely full of product to the touch. 
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Yes, it does the job and it’s cheap!
Score out of 5: 4 — Meghan Collie 

Name: Herbal Essences Bio:Renew Revitalize Cucumber & Green Tea Dry Shampoo
Price: $8
Available at: Walmart and a variety of retailers
Product specialty: This dry shampoo says it revitalizes hair without water between washes.
First thoughts: This product was one of my favourites. The smell is super light and refreshing, and it goes on practically clear — I actually forgot I had it in after a couple of minutes. 
End of the day test: It held up really well, and my hair didn’t feel full of product like it usually does after a day of dry shampoo use. 
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Yes!
Score out of 5: 4 — Meghan Collie 

Name: Lush No Drought dry shampoo
Price: $9
Available at: Lush
Product specialty: Lush’s dry shampoo claims to absorb excess oils and give hair volume, all while keeping your scalp smelling fresh. It comes in a bottle, unlike most dry shampoos.
First thoughts: This product has a cult following and now, I totally see why. It’s super light and has nearly no scent at all, and it sucks up oil like I’ve never seen before. The only downside is the bottle makes application kind of difficult. At first, I tried tapping the product directly into my hair, but it went everywhere (even on my poor cat). Then I looked it up online and realized the recommendation is to tap it into your hands and then work it into your scalp, which makes way more sense. 
End of the day test: I actually used it on day two and day three, and my hair still felt light and fresh. I would actually feel confident using this after a super intense workout.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: I already have!
Score out of 5: 5 — Meghan Collie 

Name: Pantene Pro-V Dry Shampoo Clean and Fresh
Price: $6
Available at: Amazon, Walmart and various drug stores
Product specialty: The oil-absorbing formula promises to maintain style for days and refresh between washes.
First thoughts: It didn’t leave any white powder on my hair, but it smells way too much like shampoo. 
End of the day test: It definitely kept my hair fresh all day, but every time I moved I could smell the strong scent, which really bothered me. I also found my hair felt waxy by the end of the day.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: I’d recommend this one for budgeting purposes only. It’s really affordable and doesn’t leave a residue, but I’d rather buy a product that doesn’t smell so strong.
Score out of 5: 3 — Meaghan Wray

Name: Batiste Tropical Dry Shampoo
Price: From $9
Available at: Walmart, Amazon
Product specialty: It promises a fast and convenient way to get soft, clean and fresh-smelling hair. By adding texture and body, this product says it revitalizes greasy, dull and lifeless hair.
First thoughts: It is almost impossible to control how much you deposit on your hair, and it leaves behind a ton of powder. It got all over my clothes and hands while I was applying it.
End of the day test: By the end of the day, I was finding patches of powder on my head that I didn’t manage to brush out.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: No. It made my hair feel less greasy, but my overall head felt dirty and chalky, like there was stuff in my hair and on my scalp.
Score out of 5: 3 — Meaghan Wray

Name: Dove Care Between Washes Fresh Coconut Dry Shampoo
Price: $5
Available at: Amazon and Walmart
Product specialty: Claims to work with just a few quick sprays and brush strokes, and can be used with other Dove straight or curly hair products.
First thoughts: Smells very tropical and worked really well on my curly hair, which was important to me.
End of the day test: It did leave a little white residue on my hair, but I was able to brush it out. My hair did feel really clean after using this dry shampoo.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Yes.
Score out of 5: 4 — Katie Scott 

Name: L’Oréal Magic Shampoo in Sweet Fusion
Price: $9
Available at: Amazon and a variety of retailers
Product specialty: No white residue and adds volume to hair.
First thoughts: This product smells great. While I am not the biggest fans of strong-scented hair products, this one reminds me more of a light scented shampoo. The product is not sticky and is completely invisible; I was highly impressed.
End of the day test: I get oily hair very often during the week and while this product did work on my ends, it wasn’t the best for my oilier roots.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Yes, I think it is a good starter dry shampoo for people looking for something under $10.
Score out of 5: 3.5 — Arti Patel

$20 and under

Credit: Laura Whelan

Name: OGX Foam dry shampoo
Price: $11
Available at: Walmart, Shopper’s Drug Mart, variety of drug stores
Product specialty: The foam claims to revive volume and body while absorbing oil.
First thoughts: It felt a bit weird putting a wet foam into my hair, as it made my hair feel greasier — not cleaner. After it set, I still felt like my hair was wet or greasy, even though it didn’t look that way. 
End of the day test: My hair felt greasy all day, and as if I had mousse in it that hadn’t dried. It looked relatively clean, but by the end of the day I wanted to wash my hair. 
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: I think this product would be best suited for someone with thick, dry hair. I definitely don’t recommend it for someone with thin hair and a typically greasy scalp.
Score out of 5: 2 — Laura Hensley

Name: Joyous Health Dry Shampoo Dark Hair
Price: $19
Available at: Joyous Health
Product specialty: It uses only non-toxic, biodegradable and organic ingredients, and has no talc, dyes, parabens or strong scents. It comes in dark and light hair options and has a sifter cap for ease of application.
First thoughts: I was initially concerned about the packaging because it’s not in a spray can. It proved a little difficult at first to put on my head. I loved that it has a very natural scent, rather than a shampoo-y smell.
End of the day test: It kept my hair fresh all day. I reapplied mid-afternoon because I didn’t put enough in in the morning, but it didn’t build up too much.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Yes. I love that it’s all natural and that there’s a dark hair option — which is great for avoiding a white, powdery look in my roots. While I was nervous about the container, it actually proved easier to control than a spray can.
Score out of 5: 5 — Meaghan Wray

Name: Sephora Hair Dry Shampoo
Price: $16
Available at: Sephora
Product specialty: Sephora’s dry shampoo offers oil control for straight and wavy hair. It is enriched with apple cider vinegar to help cleanse and rebalance the scalp.
First thoughts: The scent was not overwhelming, which I think is really important for a dry shampoo. I wasn’t sure if I put enough on because it felt a bit like hairspray, so I didn’t want to use too much.
End of the day test: My hair felt a bit rough at the end of the day but I still had great volume. It felt more like a hairspray, in my opinion. It didn’t feel like it absorbed any oil at all.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: I would recommend this shampoo to someone who is looking for a dry shampoo and hairspray in one.
Score out of 5: 2 — Katie Scott 

Name: John Frieda Dry Shampoo
Price: $10 to $14
Available at: Walmart, Amazon, Shoppers Drug Mart
Product specialty: This product promises to absorb oil without leaving a visible residue. It also says it’s “formulated with a light, fresh scent.”
First thoughts: I used this dry shampoo after a morning workout. I sprayed a generous amount on my roots and styled in a low ponytail. My hair looked clean and you couldn’t tell my scalp was covered in sweat a few minutes prior.
End of the day test: By the end of the day, my hair still looked decent and felt relatively clean. I didn’t feel like I needed to wash my hair, and even went out to dinner without adding any more product!
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: For an affordable product, this dry shampoo is a fantastic choice.
Score out of 5: 4 — Laura Hensley

Name: AVEENO Fresh Greens Blend Dry Shampoo
Price: $17
Available at: Amazon
Product specialty: Aveeno’s dry shampoo claims to add thickness and volume and to refresh hair.
First thoughts: This dry shampoo smelled really good and it sprayed on very easily. I wasn’t overwhelmed at how much came out of the can.
End of the day test: My hair was still extremely soft at the end of the day, and I think this product really absorbed the oil in my roots. It didn’t leave a white residue like a lot of other brands do. It also didn’t weigh down my hair or leave it feeling crunchy.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: I would definitely recommend this dry shampoo.
Score out of 5: 5 — Katie Scott

Name: Cake Beauty The ‘Do Gooder Volumizing Dry Shampoo
Price: $12
Available at: Walmart and a variety of retailers
Product specialty: Chemical-free, quick-cleaning and residue-free.
First thoughts: With my first spray, I was overwhelmed with smell — in fact, it made it hard to focus on the actual product. Products by Cake have similar scents, so if you are familiar with the brand, the dry shampoo’s smell shouldn’t be a surprise. But when it came to the actual product, the dry shampoo was grease-free and quickly turned my oily roots into dry strands.
End of the day test: It worked, but I did end up doing a touch-up before going out for the night again.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Only if you can stand the scent.
Score out of 5:  4 — Arti Patel

Name: Verb Dry Shampoo
Price: $20
Available at: Sephora
Product specialty: For all hair types and adds natural volume to oily hair.
First thoughts: I like products that cater to types of hair, and this Verb dry shampoo has both a light hair and dark hair version. The bottle is easy to use, the scent is minimal and the product is very light once it is in your hair.
End of the day test: Not only was my hair less greasy, but overall, I felt a bit of volume in my hair, too. Surprisingly, this lasted. When my hair is oily, it turns pretty flat.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Yes.
Score out of 5:  4 — Arti Patel


Name: Lululemon no-show dry shampoo
Price: $38 (for full size or 72ml)
Available at: Lululemon
Product specialty: It’s invisible and regular use is supposed to “reduce the appearance of oil over time.” 
First thoughts: It smells amazing — flowery but not overpowering. It’s light to the touch and it has a nearly clear application. I let it sit for a few minutes before brushing it through my hair and going to bed. Then I sat in bed for several minutes playing with my hair because it felt so soft!
End of the day test: I had to reapply once the following day when I woke up, which isn’t the norm with my go-to dry shampoo (I typically apply once before bed and I’m good for a day). It did its job for a few hours, but by the time I got home from work, it was like I hadn’t used any at all. 
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Probably not — it’s expensive for what you get. 
Score out of 5: 2 — Meghan Collie 

Name: Moroccanoil Dry Shampoo Dark Tones
Price: $34
Available at: Sephora
Product specialty: The argan oil-infused dry shampoo protects hair from UV rays while deodorizing and cleaning hair.
First thoughts: I’m not a fan of the scent, but I loved that this product is also part hair care. My hair is coloured, so protection from UV is important to me. I also liked that it left my hair feeling silky.
End of the day test: My hair was still super fresh by end of day and didn’t have a “dirty hair” scent. 
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Yes. Even though it’s pricey, the product lives up to the price point. It leaves behind really minimal powder residue and didn’t feel heavy on my thin hair, either.
Score out of 5: 4.5 — Meaghan Wray

Name: Monat Studio One The Champ Conditioning Dry Shampoo
Price: $45
Available at:
Product specialty: Promises to adds volume, texture and lift. Great for all hair types.
First thoughts: My roots remained very soft after spraying the dry shampoo and it didn’t leave any residue.
End of the day test: My hair was still extremely soft and I felt like it was a high-quality salon dry shampoo. I loved it!
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Yes, I would!
Score out of 5: 5 — Katie Scott 

Name: Nioxin Instant Fullness Dry Cleanser
Price: $20 to $29
Available at: Mat & Max, Chatters, Amazon and select hair salons
Product specialty: This product doesn’t market itself as a dry shampoo per se, and instead says it’s a “dry cleanser” that offers “instant fullness.” Nioxin absorbs oil and makes hair look fuller and more dense.
First thoughts: I disliked the feeling it left on my scalp. It made my hair feel dry, and almost bristly. It did, however, give my hair a “cleaner” look.
End of the day test: After a long day, my hair looked a bit greasy around the roots, but still voluminous.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: If the texture doesn’t bother you, then yes. It does give hair a more “washed” look as it seems to absorb grease. I just really disliked the way it made my hair feel.
Score out of 5: 3.5 — Laura Hensley

Name: GOLDWELL Kerasilk Repower Volume Dry Shampoo
Price: $36
Available at: Chatters
Product specialty: It has an aerosol spray formula that interlinks two innovative powders, preventing the whitening effect typical of classic dry shampoos.
First thoughts: It had a pleasant smell and it also added a lot of volume to my hair.
End of the day test: I didn’t feel like my hair was crunchy, but it did feel a little sticky at the end of the day. There was no visible residue at all, which was amazing.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Yes.
Score out of 5: 4 — Katie Scott 

Name: Oribe
Price: $26 (small size), $53 (large size)
Available at: Holt Renfrew
Product specialty: This product says it builds “incredible volume and sexy texture.” It also claims to absorb oil at the roots, leaving you with “just-styled hair for days and nights.”
First thoughts: It sprays on clear (meaning no white powdery residue) and smells nice. I felt like I needed to use a lot of product, however, to make hair look “washed.” I used this dry shampoo the day after washing my hair, so it was relatively clean already. The greasy areas near my roots, though, required even more product, and I ended up using a comb to tease my hair to add volume.
End of the day test: After a long day I felt like my hair needed a wash.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: No. It’s very expensive and I don’t feel like the price point matches the quality of the product. 
Score out of 5:
3 — Laura Hensley

Name: Bumble and Bumble
Price: $38.00
Available at: Sephora, select hair salons
Product specialty: A “two-in-one style extender that cleanses and adds volume from roots to ends.” This product says it works on all hair types and is best for fine and medium-texture hair. Formulated with pink clay.
First thoughts: It smells fantastic. It doesn’t leave a powdery residue that other dry shampoos do. Easy to spray on roots and doesn’t dry out hair.
End of the day test: Hair looked pretty decent at the end of a workday. I used Bumble and Bumble in between washes, so my hair was already fairly greasy when I sprayed it on my roots. Definitely held me over and left my hair looking much fresher than it was.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Yes.
Score out of 5: 4 — Laura Hensley

Name: Living Proof Perfect Hair Day Dry Shampoo
Price: $32
Available at: Sephora, select hair salons, online retailers
Product specialty: Absorbs oil, sweat and odour from hair.
First thoughts: This is one of the highest-rated dry shampoos in the market and rightfully so. The product itself is ultra light, grease-free and smells amazing. Not only did hair feel cleaner (which is uncommon after using dry shampoo), but I actually had an extra boost of volume.
End of the day test: Not only will the product last all day, but you won’t even realize you’re still wearing dry shampoo. The only downfall, really, is the steep price. But I would say it is worth the investment.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Yes!
Score out of 5:  5 — Arti Patel

Name: Niucoco Dry Shampoo
Price: $29
Available at: Niucoco
Product specialty: One hundred per cent natural powder dry shampoo with no powder buildup.
First thoughts: I am not a fan of power-based dry shampoos. I have dark hair and in the past, dry shampoo powders have left a white residue behind. I used this one thoroughly for a few days to figure out if buildup would occur. The bottle also advises users to shake it to release powder, however, I didn’t find enough product ended up in my hair with this method. Instead, I gently squeezed the bottle to release more product on my roots.
End of the day test: To my own surprise, while the powder did take some time to absorb in my hair (you really have to brush it out), it did disappear. My hair, however, still felt oily, but for a natural product, I was impressed.
Would you recommend this dry shampoo?: Yes if you are looking for a green alternative, but it is pricey.
Score out of 5:  3 — Arti Patel

© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Prince Harry follows in Princess Diana’s footsteps by walking through Angolan minefield – National

by BBG Hub

Prince Harry recently followed in the footsteps of his mother, Princess Diana, by visiting a minefield in Angola as part of his royal tour in Africa with wife Meghan Markle and son Archie.

In 1997, the late princess was photographed walking through an Angolan minefield. She brought awareness to de-mining efforts in Huambo, and photographs of her visit spread around the world.

As part of his own trip, Prince Harry visited anti-landmine organization The Halo Trust in the town of Dirico.

Prince Harry followed in the footsteps of his late mom, Princess Diana, who famously walked through a minefield in Angola in 1997.

Canadian Press

Wearing a protective vest and mask, the 35-year-old stepped through an active minefield just like his late mother and participated in safely detonating a mine that had been found nearby.

The field visited by the late Princess of Wales all those years ago is now a busy street in Huambo, Time reports. The prince went on to visit that very spot later in the day.

Prince Harry sat in Huambo where Princess Diana once walked an active minefield.

Canadian Press

The prince also made a speech about the importance of de-mining and called for an end to the use of anti-personnel landmines worldwide.

WATCH: Meghan Markle, Prince Harry bring baby Archie to meet Tutu on Africa royal tour

“Landmines are an unhealed scar of war,” Prince Harry said in his speech. “By clearing the land mines, we can help this community find peace, and with peace comes opportunity.”

Ralph Legg, the Angola country director for The Halo Trust, said the impact of the princess’ walk is still a point of conversation today.

“The main impact of Diana’s walk in 1997 was the level of global exposure it provided for landmines not only in Angola but the world,” he said.

READ MORE: Prince Harry, Meghan Markle dance with South African surfers on Day 2 of royal tour

“Her willingness to visit an actual minefield, to place herself right in that context, provided great impetus and gave it a great boost.”

After his speech, the Duke of Sussex also went on to visit an orthopedic hospital his mother visited in 1997.

Now on the fourth day of their 10-day trip, the duke and duchess started their tour in Cape Town, South Africa, where they both spoke about gender-based violence.

The couple then met with local organizations offering mental health support to young people and also brought their son to meet with Archbishop Desmond Tutu.

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How maternity leave can hurt a woman’s career: ‘So much can change’ – National

by BBG Hub

When Janet found out she was pregnant, she was petrified to tell her boss.

The communications professional, who asked Global News to change her name to protect her identity, was 27 when she became pregnant. She thought taking maternity leave would diminish her chances of being promoted.

There were also no other mothers with young children at the Toronto agency where she worked, and she worried that co-workers would view her differently.

WATCH: The pros and cons of 18-month parental leave

“I’ve read many stories and articles about the struggles of being a working mom and offices not being adaptive [and] I was fearful of what could happen,” Janet, now 31, said.

Janet’s boss, however, turned out to be very supportive and accommodating. She was even allowed to work from home a few days a week during her pregnancy.

Returning to work after her mat leave, though, was more challenging. She was constantly exhausted and felt like she had no work-life balance.

READ MORE: ‘A plop is quite different than tinkling’ — Why are we afraid to poo at work?

She also learned she may have missed out on professional opportunities while on mat leave.

“During my maternity leave, a co-worker quit, and I would have been up for that role had I been in the office but I wasn’t,” she said.

“[I] thought going back would be easy, but really taking a year [off] from the communication world is crazy; so much can change.”

The realities of maternity leave

Janet’s position is not unique.

According to Tammy Schirle, a professor of economics at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Ont., there is evidence that motherhood affects women’s paycheques.

WATCH: Trudeau pledges to boost Canada Child Benefit, make parental leave tax-free

“There’s been a large number of studies showing that having a child has long-term negative implications for women’s earnings,” Schirle told Global News. “Men don’t experience the same negative consequences for becoming fathers.”

A recent report even found that fewer than half of fathers take all the paternity leave on offer, and most men still see changing diapers as a woman’s job.

Schirle also says time taken away from work may mean “giving up opportunities for training and promotion.” This, in turn, can impact a woman’s earnings.

“Moreover, in some workplaces, a maternity or parental leave might be frowned upon,” she said. “That is a reality for many parents that might affect their chances for promotion.”

READ MORE: 18-month parental leave rollout raises questions for Canadian employers

Research backs this up.

A recent study out of Wilfrid Laurier found that extended parental leave can hurt women’s careers. In Canada, extended leave allows parents to take off 18 months from work instead of 12 months.

The study found women who take mat leave for longer than 12 months are often seen by managers as less ambitious or dedicated to their job. (It’s also important to note that extended parental leave can pose financial problems for parents, too.)

WATCH: How to raise mindful children

The Canadian Women’s Foundation highlights steep costs of daycare in cities like Toronto and Vancouver can also delay a woman’s return to work after giving birth.

The “motherhood penalty” is one of many factors related to the gender pay gap, the foundation says, and it’s important to note that women of colour, Indigenous women, new Canadians and women with a disability may be affected even more.

Schirle also points out that women view motherhood and their careers differently. Not every woman wants to return to the workforce after giving birth, whereas some professionals want to return as soon as possible.

“While it used to be the case that women generally worked to supplement the family income, women now build their own careers and are often the higher earner in the family,” Schirle explained.

READ MORE: Canadian men least likely to take paternity leave due to financial concerns — report

“I tend to think about maternity leave in the context of women building careers, but it’s important to consider women with less attachment to the labour force as well. In the latter group, some will have very precarious employment prospects, while others have stable options they are quite happy with.”

Changes in the workplace

Lauren Bondar, 35, has taken two maternity leaves. After her second child, the Toronto-based PR professional decided to start work at a new company.

Bondar says her current workplace, NKPR, is very understanding of her being a mom while also having a career.

WATCH: Half of fathers admit to being criticized about parenting 

“In PR, which is predominantly a female-dominated industry, I think companies today understand that flexibility and support of working moms and parents is key to their overall business success,” Bondar said.

“I also think being a mom makes me better at my job.”

Schirle says women who plan on becoming mothers often seek workplaces that have clear parental leave policies in place. If a woman has a job-protected maternity leave, she will face fewer negative career consequences when she returns, Schirle said.

READ MORE: Paternity leave is great, but childcare policy still needed — experts

“Career planning and becoming a parent are decisions that cannot be separated — especially for women,” Schirle added.

Making career moves

Janet became pregnant again two years after her first child was born. Two months before she was set to go on her second maternity leave, a manager role became available, but her company hired externally. She felt she was overlooked for the job.

She eventually decided to find a new job instead of returning to the company.

At her new job, she felt like she had to prove herself by staying late, coming in early and answering emails all the time.

READ MORE: Canada’s health-care system isn’t designed for parents with disabilities, say experts

“I don’t think it’s ever fair for mothers, to be quite honest,” Janet said.

“We’re expected to give it our all at home and at work, and truth be told, many of us are exhausted. We wait for the clock to hit 5 p.m. to go home to our kids but fear the rest of the team will think we’re being lazy or aren’t committed.”

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Water is key for hydration, but it may not be the best option: study – National

by BBG Hub

The next time you’re thirsty, you may want to reconsider reaching for a glass of water.

According to a new study out of St. Andrews University in Scotland, there might be better options for quickly hydrating your body — namely, beverages with more sugar, fat or protein.

For example, the study found milk to be more hydrating than water. Milk contains sugar lactose, protein and fat, and researchers believe these help to slow the emptying of fluid from the stomach, which allows hydration to happen over a longer period of time.

READ MORE: Put down the pop — Why ginger ale isn’t the cure for upset stomachs

Out of the 13 “common beverages” tested by researchers, still water was ranked the 10th most hydrating beverage over a four-hour period.

The most hydrating drink was skim milk, followed by “oral rehydration solutions” (like Pedialyte) and full-fat milk. Orange juice and cola were next on the list.

Sparkling water was ranked 11th, directly behind still water.

WATCH: Microplastics don’t currently pose health risks — WHO

While these findings are interesting, registered dietitian Stephanie Hnatiuk doesn’t recommend you stop drinking water altogether. In fact, it’s still the “recommended beverage of choice for keeping us hydrated throughout the day,” she said.

“We get other nutrients (like fats, sugars, proteins and electrolytes) from the foods we eat so there’s generally no need to choose beverages specifically for their hydration abilities if we’re eating regular meals.”

However, a dehydrated state — which can come on after a long endurance exercise or working outside on a very hot day, for example — occurs when water and electrolytes are lost in sweat.

READ MORE: Children get headaches — here’s what parents can do

“In this case, it is true that choosing a beverage with some electrolyte-replacement qualities (such as the ones used in the study) can be a good idea,” Hnatiuk said.

However, Hnatiuk warns that some of these results should be taken with a grain of salt. Specifically, she doesn’t recommend replacing water with drinks high in sugar.

“We should absolutely still be limiting the added sugars we get from beverages, and while milk is a great, nutritious option for providing us with protein, vitamins and minerals, we don’t need to drink more milk throughout the day than water,” she said.

WATCH: What is the difference between tap, bottled and filtered water?

Ultimately, Hnatiuk said this information applies more to athletes than it does to the general population.

“These findings would be more suited to an athletic population who are participating in regular, prolonged bouts of exercise (typically longer than 90 minutes),” she said.

Symptoms of dehydration

Staying hydrated is important because it “helps the heart pump more blood through the blood vessels to the muscles and it helps the muscles work efficiently,” said Ingrid Fan, registered dietitian at Loblaws Markham in Ontario.

Dehydration is caused by “not drinking enough fluid or by losing more fluid than you consume,” Fan said. This can happen through sweating, tears, vomit, urination or upset gastrointestinal issues like diarrhea.

“The severity of dehydration can depend on several factors, such as climate, level of physical activity and diet,” said Fan.

READ MORE: Your teabag could be releasing millions of microplastics in your mug — study

Symptoms of dehydration can include increased thirst, dry mouth, fatigue, decreased urine output, urine that is more yellow than normal, headache, dry skin and dizziness, according to Fan.

Fan agrees with Hnatiuk’s assessment of the study, adding: “That’s not to say we should all switch from drinking water to drinking milk, but depending on one’s food intake, physical activity level as well as variety of foods in the diet, one can consider milk to be a source for hydration in addition to water intake.”

“The study confirmed what we already know: beverages that contain electrolytes like sodium and potassium can contribute to better hydration,” Fan said. This is because the sodium in those beverages “act like sponges” that hold onto the water in our bodies, resulting in less urine in the body.

Water: sparkling or still?

Fan still recommends drinking water on a daily basis.

“Our body is 60 to 70 per cent water. We need water to help us digest food, carry nutrients, remove waste, cushion organs and maintain fluid and electrolyte balance,” she said.

However, there’s been some debate about whether carbonated water packs the same punch when it comes to hydration.

WATCH: Man ends up in hospital after drinking licorice tea

“There is no evidence that carbonated or sparkling water is bad for us,” Stephanie Dang, registered dietitian and co-founder of Vancouver Dietitians, previously told Global News.

“But you should always read the label to watch out for added sugar and salt. A common mistake people make is thinking that tonic water and soda water are the same.”

In fact, tonic water has 43 grams of sugar and 58 milligrams of sodium per 16-ounce bottle. Considering the average daily intake of sugar should be 37.5 grams for men and 25 grams for women, you could exceed your daily sugar allowance with just one bottle of tonic water.

With regards to hydration, “the only difference is the added carbonation,” Dang said.

— With files from Global News


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© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Here comes the bear: Furry wedding guest crashes Tennessee couple’s nuptials

by BBG Hub

A furry wedding crasher made a surprise appearance at a Tennessee couple’s wedding over the weekend in what proved to be the “most adventurous photo session” professional photographer Leah McMahan Edmondson had ever done.

Edmondson said everything was going according to plan that day.

She did the typical ritual of family and bridal party pictures before dismissing everyone to go to the reception to eat.

READ MORE: Deer casually photobombs Michigan man’s marriage proposal

“I had the bride and groom with me starting to shoot when we all noticed this bear,” she told Global News. “He turned and started down the aisle.”

The GypsySoul Photography & Salon owner said she just wanted to “get the shot.”

The couple posed for photos before realizing a bear was in the background.

GypsySoul Photography & Salon

“Being scared didn’t cross my mind,” she continued. “However, when I stood up, he made a huffing sound at me and started towards me.

“At this point, I was beyond scared.”

Luckily, no one that day was injured, but the event made for some interesting photos.

WATCH: (Sept. 13, 2019) B.C. man surprised to find bear locked inside car

Edmondson managed to get some shots of the black bear taking its own walk down the aisle.

A photograph of the newlywed couple featured the curious animal sniffing around in the background.

The bear retreated back into the woods after taking a look around the wedding grounds.

GypsySoul Photography & Salon

When working in the natural environment, it’s sometimes inevitable that wildlife will make appearances.

A Michigan couple were taking beach engagement photos back in July when a deer thought it appropriate to pop by.

A deer photobombed Jakob Lee and Colbie Wakeley’s engagement photos.

Annabelle Clark

Video shows cast of creepy-crawly crabs invading Florida man’s yard (July 18, 2019)

Jakob Lee, 25, got down on one knee to propose to his girlfriend of nearly three years, Colbie Wakeley, 23. But what happened after the initial sweet moment was something of a fairy tale.

The deer seemed quite “fawnd” of the couple as they attempted their blissful photo shoot, popping its antlered head into the frame at an opportune moment.

But instead of shooing it away, the fun-loving duo rolled with it, resulting in an adorable series of photos to add to their memory book.

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Teacher carries student with spina bifida on back so she can enjoy field trip – National

by BBG Hub

For one Kentucky teacher, no student gets left behind.

When 10-year-old Ryan King’s class was taking a school field trip to Falls of the Ohio State Park, the young girl nearly had to sit out.

Ryan was born with spina bifida, a birth defect that occurs when the spine and spinal cord don’t form properly. She uses a wheelchair to get around.

But one of her school’s teachers wasn’t about to let Ryan miss out on a beautiful trip because of accessibility issues.

Ryan’s mom, Shelly King, said teacher Jim Freeman offered to carry her.

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“We’ve had field trips before where we weren’t able to go and the school gives us alternate education days,” King told CNN.

“I found this backpack that a friend had sent me and grabbed it, and said I’m just going to carry her so she can experience this,” she continued.

She explained that Freeman and Ryan had no personal connection before, but he was still willing to carry her daughter for her.

“I don’t think he had any idea what a big impact he was going to make on so many different people.”

Taking to the little girl’s Facebook page, Team Ryan, King shared the touching story, writing that she had been planning an “alternate field trip day” for her daughter when a teacher swooped in and made sure she could join her classmates on the trip to Falls of the Ohio.

“A male teacher reached out and said, ‘I’m happy to tote her around on the falls all day!’” the post reads.

“She is sooooo excited to do this independent from me… We are sooooo blessed to have an ENTIRE school that is so compassionate and empathetic and NEVER make her feel left out.”

Ryan sat comfortably in a carrier on the teacher’s back, who climbed over rock formations so she could take in the view.

Many social media users who saw the Facebook post were touched by Freeman’s act of kindness.

“I don’t know him, but he must be a wonderful, caring person and great teacher,” one Facebook user wrote.

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Another commented: “Love the fact my son is learning from this teacher! Mr. Freeman is a wonderful human being and a great example to all our children at Tully!”

The teacher pictured in the post had more than a few social media fans, with one saying, “I couldn’t love this more! Mr. Freeman, wow, what an amazing human!!”

According to the “about” section of the Team Ryan Facebook page, Ryan has gone through 32 surgeries.

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She was able to come home five months after being born, according to the Facebook page.

“Ryan is still on oxygen at night [because] of her central sleep apnea,” the page reads. “But she has fought her way through everything else. She has had more obstacles in three years then [sic] most adults have in five lifetimes. And she still wakes up everyday [sic] smiling, bright-eyed and bushy-tailed.”

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Despite the struggles, King wrote on Facebook that it’s important to share these bright stories to inspire others.

“These are the things that the news should be talking about,” she wrote. “These beautiful people should be shared with the world, to see and inspire.”

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© 2019 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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